Health impacts of increasing alcohol prices in the European Union: A dynamic projection.


Lhachimi, SK; Cole, KJ; Nusselder, WJ; Smit, HA; Baili, P; Bennett, K; Pomerleau, J; McKee, M; Charlesworth, K; Kulik, MC; Mackenbach, JP; Boshuizen, H; (2012) Health impacts of increasing alcohol prices in the European Union: A dynamic projection. Preventive medicine, 55 (3). pp. 237-43. ISSN 0091-7435 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2012.06.006

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Western Europe has high levels of alcohol consumption, with corresponding adverse health effects. Currently, a major revision of the EU excise tax regime is under discussion. We quantify the health impact of alcohol price increases across the EU.<br/> DATA AND METHOD: We use alcohol consumption data for 11 member states, covering 80% of the EU-27 population, and corresponding country-specific disease data (incidence, prevalence, and case-fatality rate of alcohol related diseases) taken from the 2010 published Dynamic Modelling for Health Impact Assessment (DYNAMO-HIA) database to dynamically project the changes in population health that might arise from changes in alcohol price.<br/> RESULTS: Increasing alcohol prices towards those of Finland (the highest in the EU) would postpone approximately 54,000 male and approximately 26,100 female deaths over 10 years. Moreover, the prevalence of a number of chronic diseases would be reduced: in men by approximately 97,800 individuals with diabetes, 65,800 with stroke and 62,200 with selected cancers, and in women by about 19,100, 23,500, and 27,100, respectively.<br/> CONCLUSION: Curbing excessive drinking throughout the EU completely would lead to substantial gains in population health. Harmonisiation of prices to the Finnish level would, for selected diseases, achieve more than 40% of those gains.<br/>

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Health Services Research and Policy
Research Centre: ECOHOST - The Centre for Health and Social Change
Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
PubMed ID: 22713346
Web of Science ID: 309087300017
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/59892

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