Low castes have poor access to visceral leishmaniasis treatment in Bihar, India

Martinez, FP; Picado, A; Roddy, P; Palma, P; (2012) Low castes have poor access to visceral leishmaniasis treatment in Bihar, India. Tropical medicine & international health, 17 (5). pp. 666-673. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2012.02960.x

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Objectives Bihar, the poorest state in India, concentrates most of the visceral leishmaniasis (VL) cases in the country. A large proportion of the poor rural communities where VL is endemic are marginalized by their socio-economic status, intrinsically related to the caste system. In this study, we evaluated whether people from low socio-economic strata had difficulties accessing VL treatment in Bihar. As a secondary outcome, we evaluated whether people delaying their VL treatment had poorer clinical indicators at admission. methods Data on 2187 patients with VL treated by Me ' decins Sans Frontie` res ( MSF) in Vaishali district from July 2007 to December 2008 were analysed. Patients who reported having onset of symptoms 8 weeks before admission were defined as ` late presenters'. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate whether low castes had higher risk to be ` late presenters' compared to the rest of castes and whether ` late presenters' had poorer indicators at admission ( i. e. haemoglobin level, spleen size). results After adjusting for age, gender and distance to VL treatment facility, Mushars ( the lowest caste in Bihar) had twice the odds to be ` late presenters' compared to the rest of castes ( OR 2.05, 95% CI: 1.24-2.38). Subjects that had VL symptoms for 8 weeks had a larger spleen and lower haemoglobin level than those that were treated earlier. conclusion Low castes have poor access to VL treatment in Bihar, and late presenters have poorer clinical indicators at admission. These findings have implications at individual and community levels and should stimulate targeted VL control programmes to ensure that marginalized communities in Bihar are properly treated.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Kala azar, visceral leishmaniasis, caste, Bihar, Mushar, Kala-azar, leishmaniose viscerale, caste, Bihar, Mushar, Kala azar, leishmaniasis, visceral, casta, Bihar, Mushar, amphotericin-b, kala-azar, malnutrition, risk, management, poverty, program
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Disease Control
Research Centre: Leishmaniasis Group
PubMed ID: 22385129
Web of Science ID: 303001900017
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/59752


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