Descriptive and spatial epidemiology of bovine cysticercosis in North-Eastern Spain (Catalonia)


Allepuz, A; Napp, S; Picado, A; Alba, A; Panades, J; Domingo, M; Casal, J; (2009) Descriptive and spatial epidemiology of bovine cysticercosis in North-Eastern Spain (Catalonia). Veterinary parasitology, 159 (1). pp. 43-48. ISSN 0304-4017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2008.09.027

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Abstract

From March 2005 to December 2007, 284 animals from 67 cattle firms (24 dairy and 43 beet) affected by bovine cysticercosis were detected in the region of Catalonia (North-Eastern Spain). Dairy farms were almost twice more likely to be affected than beef farms (OR = 1.79, 95% Cl = 1.08-2.96, p < 0.05), and infected premises have a statistically significant (p < 0.05) larger number of animals when compared to Uninfected farms in Catalonia. The geographical distribution of the infected farms was evaluated and two statistically significant Clusters were identified. The most likely Cluster was located in the western part of the study region, with 8 out of 10 farms infected. Epidemiological investigations revealed that the 8 farms belonged to the same company. The secondary cluster was located in Eastern Catalonia with 12 infected farms out of 167 cattle farms. No epidemiological links were found among the 12 infected premises. A questionnaire, based on the EFSA risk assessment, Was used to assess the most likely route of introduction into each affected farm. Water Supply for animals was the route with the highest score in 41.8% of the cases. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Disease Control
PubMed ID: 19027236
Web of Science ID: 262663600007
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/5891

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