Postnatal Origins of Undernutrition.


Prost, MA; (2009) Postnatal Origins of Undernutrition. Nestle Nutrition workshop series Paediatric programme, 63. pp. 79-94. ISSN 1661-6677 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1159/000209974

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Abstract

Obesity and nutrition-related chronic disorders are fast rising in developing countries. But undernutrition - stunting, underweight, wasting and micronutrient deficiencies - still affect millions of preschool children in both rural and urban settings increasing the risks of morbidity and mortality, impairing cognitive development, reducing productivity and increasing the risk of chronic diseases in later life. In addition undernutrition has a transgenerational effect. Here I review the evidence for a synergistic effect of inadequate nutrition (breastfeeding, complementary feeding), infection, and inappropriate mother-child interactions on growth and nutritional deficiencies. Underlying socioeconomic, environmental and genetic factors are also explored. Finally some perspectives on how urbanization and globalization may affect the prevalence and distribution of undernutrition are discussed. Fighting child under-nutrition is still an urgent necessity and a moral imperative.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- ) > Dept of Nutrition and Public Health Interventions Research (2003-2012)
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
PubMed ID: 19346769
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/5647

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