Healthcare for truck drivers: Assessing accessibility and appropriateness of South African Roadside Wellness Centres

Lalla-Edward, ST; Matthew, P; Hankins, CA; Venter, WDF; Gomez, GB; (2018) Healthcare for truck drivers: Assessing accessibility and appropriateness of South African Roadside Wellness Centres. Journal of transport & health, 8. pp. 63-72. ISSN 2214-1405 DOI:

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Background Truck drivers occupy a pivotal role in the economies of southern Africa, due to limited rail, water and other forms of transport of goods. The occupational nature of truck driving limits access to healthcare. North Star Alliance (North Star) offers a tailored primary healthcare service for truck drivers along the sub-Saharan trucking corridor. Objectives The overall objective of this study was to explore truck drivers’ views regarding access to, and appropriateness of, selected South African North Star Roadside Wellness Centres (RWCs) coupled with understanding their health-seeking behaviour. Methods We conducted semi-structured interviews with two groups of purposively-sampled truck drivers: 24 who accessed North Star RWCs and 22 who knew about the centres but did not use them. The interviews explored access, health-seeking behaviour, and healthcare experiences. Additional information on risk perceptions emerged. Qualitative data were organised into four themes: client satisfaction, health-seeking behaviour, risk perception and behaviour, and service delivery strengthening. Results The majority of those interviewed were older (36–65 years old), South African, with secondary education, employed full-time, in stable relationships, and having children. Overall users were satisfied with RWC locations, operating hours, infrastructure, and healthcare worker attitudes. Half of the non-users did not access routine healthcare anywhere. Non-users primarily did not access the RWCs because they did not know the operating times and preferred local facilities. Both groups used traditional healers and pharmacies. RWC users accessed traditional healers and pharmacies for services not available to them at the RWCs. Both groups reported not using private general practitioners or specialists. Both groups provided recommendations for strengthening the service delivery model including an increased focus on non-communicable diseases and occupationally-required health services including vaccinations. Conclusion Comprehensive care packages delivered through accessible satellite facilities should form the foundation of service delivery models for truck drivers and other mobile populations.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Truck drivers, Healthcare, Service delivery, South Africa, Roadside Wellness Centre, Access
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Global Health and Development


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