Risks of breast or ovarian cancer in BRCA1 or BRCA2 predictive test negatives: findings from the EMBRACE study.


Girardi, F; Barnes, DR; Barrowdale, D; Frost, D; Brady, AF; Miller, C; Henderson, A; Donaldson, A; Murray, A; Brewer, C; Pottinger, C; Evans, DG; Eccles, D; EMBRACE, ; Lalloo, F; Gregory, H; Cook, J; Eason, J; Adlard, J; Barwell, J; Ong, KR; Walker, L; Izatt, L; Side, LE; Kennedy, MJ; Tischkowitz, M; Rogers, MT; Porteous, ME; Morrison, PJ; Eeles, R; Davidson, R; Snape, K; Easton, DF; Antoniou, AC; (2018) Risks of breast or ovarian cancer in BRCA1 or BRCA2 predictive test negatives: findings from the EMBRACE study. Genetics in medicine. ISSN 1098-3600 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/gim.2018.44

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Abstract

PurposeBRCA1/BRCA2 predictive test negatives are proven noncarriers of a BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation that is carried by their relatives. The risk of developing breast cancer (BC) or epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) in these women is uncertain. The study aimed to estimate risks of invasive BC and EOC in a large cohort of BRCA1/BRCA2 predictive test negatives.MethodsWe used cohort analysis to estimate incidences, cumulative risks, and standardized incidence ratios (SIRs).ResultsA total of 1,895 unaffected women were eligible for inclusion in the BC risk analysis and 1,736 in the EOC risk analysis. There were 23 incident invasive BCs and 2 EOCs. The cumulative risk of invasive BC was 9.4% (95% confidence interval (CI) 5.9-15%) by age 85 years and the corresponding risk of EOC was 0.6% (95% CI 0.2-2.6%). The SIR for invasive BC was 0.93 (95% CI 0.62-1.40) in the overall cohort, 0.85 (95% CI 0.48-1.50) in noncarriers from BRCA1 families, and 1.03 (95% CI 0.57-1.87) in noncarriers from BRCA2 families. The SIR for EOC was 0.79 (95% CI 0.20-3.17) in the overall cohort.ConclusionOur results did not provide evidence for elevated risks of invasive BC or EOC in BRCA1/BRCA2 predictive test negatives.Genetics in Medicine advance online publication, 22 March 2018; doi:10.1038/gim.2018.44.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology
PubMed ID: 29565421
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4647111

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