Fully 3D printed integrated reactor array for point-of-care molecular diagnostics.


Kadimisetty, K; Song, J; Doto, AM; Hwang, Y; Peng, J; Mauk, MG; Bushman, FD; Gross, R; Jarvis, JN; Liu, C; (2018) Fully 3D printed integrated reactor array for point-of-care molecular diagnostics. Biosensors & bioelectronics, 109. pp. 156-163. ISSN 0956-5663 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2018.03.009

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Abstract

Molecular diagnostics that involve nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) are crucial for prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. In this study, we developed a simple, inexpensive, disposable, fully 3D printed microfluidic reactor array that is capable of carrying out extraction, concentration and isothermal amplification of nucleic acids in variety of body fluids. The method allows rapid molecular diagnostic tests for infectious diseases at point of care. A simple leak-proof polymerization strategy was developed to integrate flow-through nucleic acid isolation membranes into microfluidic devices, yielding a multifunctional diagnostic platform. Static coating technology was adopted to improve the biocompatibility of our 3D printed device. We demonstrated the suitability of our device for both end-point colorimetric qualitative detection and real-time fluorescence quantitative detection. We applied our diagnostic device to detection of Plasmodium falciparum in plasma samples and Neisseria meningitides in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples by loop-mediated, isothermal amplification (LAMP) within 50 min. The detection limits were 100 fg for P. falciparum and 50 colony-forming unit (CFU) for N. meningitidis per reaction, which are comparable to that of benchtop instruments. This rapid and inexpensive 3D printed device has great potential for point-of-care molecular diagnosis of infectious disease in resource-limited settings.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Clinical Research
PubMed ID: 29550739
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4647078

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