Changes in Distribution of Dry Eye Disease by the New 2016 Diagnostic Criteria from the Asia Dry Eye Society.


Inomata, T; Shiang, T; Iwagami, M; Sakemi, F; Fujimoto, K; Okumura, Y; Ohno, M; Murakami, A; (2018) Changes in Distribution of Dry Eye Disease by the New 2016 Diagnostic Criteria from the Asia Dry Eye Society. Scientific reports, 8 (1). p. 1918. ISSN 2045-2322 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-19775-3

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Abstract

Dry eye disease (DED) is a disorder of the tear film. Here, we delineate the changes in distribution of DED after diagnostic criteria changes from the 2006 Japanese Diagnostic Criteria to the 2016 Asia Dry Eye Society criteria. We included 250 right eyes of 250 patients and all patients completed ophthalmic assessments for DED. The 2006 criteria classified patients into definite DED, probable DED, and non-DED based on subjective symptoms, tear function, and/or vital staining. The 2016 criteria eliminated probable DED and classified patients into definite DED or non-DED based on subjective symptoms and decreased tear break-up time. We examined how probable DED patients were reclassified by the 2016 criteria. By the 2006 criteria, 38.8% (97/250) of patients had definite DED, 35.6% (89/250) had probable DED, and 25.6% (64/250) had non-DED. By the 2016 criteria, 66.8% (167/250) had definite DED and 31.2% (83/250) had non-DED. Among patients with probable DED using the 2006 criteria, 79.8% (71/89) were reclassified as definite DED and 20.2% (18/89) were reclassified as non-DED using the 2016 criteria. Our data revealed that prevalence of definite DED increased because most probable DED patients were reclassified as definite DED after changes in the diagnostic criteria.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology
Research Centre: EHR Research Group
PubMed ID: 29382858
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4646315

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