Patterns of malaria: cause-specific and all-cause mortality in a malaria-endemic area of west Africa.


Becher, H; Kynast-Wolf, G; Si?, A; Ndugwa, R; Ramroth, H; Kouyat?, B; M?ller, O; (2008) Patterns of malaria: cause-specific and all-cause mortality in a malaria-endemic area of west Africa. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 78 (1). pp. 106-13. ISSN 0002-9637

[img]
Preview
Text - Published Version
License:

Download (466kB) | Preview

Abstract

Information on cause-specific mortality is sparse in sub-Saharan Africa. We present seasonal patterns of malaria and all-cause mortality from a longitudinal study with 60,000 individuals in rural northwestern Burkina Faso. The study is based on a demographic surveillance system and covers the period 1999-2003. Overall, 3,492 deaths were observed. Cause of death was ascertained by verbal autopsy. Age-specific death rates by cause and month of death were calculated. Seasonal and temporal trends were modeled with parametric Poisson regression. Infant and children less than 5 years of age mortality was 60.6 (95% CI, 56.2-65.3) and 31.9 (95% CI, 30.4-33.5) per 1,000 for all causes and 23.4 (95% CI, 20.7-26.4) and 13.3 (95% CI, 12.3-14.3) for malaria, respectively. Mortality was significantly higher in the rainy season. It is well described parametrically with a sinusoidal function. In adults, the highest all-cause mortality rates were observed in the dry season. Here, HIV/AIDS has become a leading cause of mortality.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- ) > Dept of Population Studies (1974-2012)
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
PubMed ID: 18187792
Web of Science ID: 252296700020
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4644

Statistics


Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads since deposit
14Downloads
269Hits
Accesses by country - last 12 months
Accesses by referrer - last 12 months
Additional statistics for this record are available via IRStats2

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item