Reproductive History and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes in Commercial Flight Crew and Air Traffic Control Officers in the United Kingdom.


Dos Santos Silva, I; Pizzi, C; Evans, A; Evans, S; De Stavola, B; (2009) Reproductive History and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes in Commercial Flight Crew and Air Traffic Control Officers in the United Kingdom. Journal of occupational and environmental medicine / American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 51 (11). pp. 1298-305. ISSN 1076-2752 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181b9ae2f

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine reproductive outcomes among flight crew. METHODS: Ten thousand two hundred five flight crew members and a control group of 2118 air traffic control officers completed a questionnaire in 2001 to 2004, United Kingdom. RESULTS: Similar proportions of flight crew and air traffic control officers reported having ever had difficulties in conceiving a baby. Risks of miscarriages and congenital malformations among pregnancies fathered by men who did not differ by occupation, but stillbirth risk was higher among flight crew (odds ratio = 2.85; 95% CI = 1.30-6.23). Among pregnancies reported by women, risks of miscarriage and stillbirth did not differ by occupation but risk of congenital malformations was higher among flight crew (odds ratio = 2.37; 95% CI = 0.43-13.06). CONCLUSIONS: Flight crew-related exposures were not associated with adverse reproductive outcomes except for possible links, based on small numbers, between paternal exposure and stillbirths and maternal exposure and congenital malformations.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Medical Statistics
Research Centre: Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
PubMed ID: 19858748
Web of Science ID: 271729300007
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4614

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