Quality of paediatric blood transfusions in two district hospitals in Tanzania: a cross-sectional hospital based study

Mosha, D; Poulsen, A; Reyburn, H; Kituma, E; Mtei, F; Bygbjerg, IC; (2009) Quality of paediatric blood transfusions in two district hospitals in Tanzania: a cross-sectional hospital based study. BMC Pediatr, 9 (1). p. 51. ISSN 1471-2431 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-9-51

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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion (BT) can be lifesaving for children; however, monitoring the quality of BT is important. The current study describes the quality of paediatric BT delivered in two district hospitals in north-east Tanzania in order to identify areas for quality assurance and improvement in the administration of BT. METHODS: All 166 children admitted in the paediatric wards and receiving BT through April to June 2007 were prospectively observed. Medical records, request forms and registers in the laboratories were reviewed to identify blood source, blood screening and indications for BT. BT was observation before, during and after transfusion process. RESULTS: Malaria related anaemia accounted for 98% of the BTs. Ninety-two percent of the children were assessed for paleness. Clinical signs such as difficult breathing and symptoms of cardiac failure were only assessed in 67% and 15 % of the children respectively, prior to the BT decision. Pre-transfusion haemoglobin and body temperature were recorded in 2/3 of the patients, but respiratory rate and pulse rate were not routinely recorded. In 40% of BTs, the transfusion time exceeded the recommended 4 hours. The zonal blood bank (ZBB) and local donors accounted for 10% and 90% of the blood, respectively. ABO and RhD typing and screening for HIV and syphilis were undertaken in all transfused blood. Evidence for hepatitis B or C infection was not checked except in the ZBB. CONCLUSIONS: Criteria for BT are not always fulfilled; time to initiate and complete the transfusion is often unacceptable long and monitoring of vital signs during BT is poor. Blood from the ZBB was often not available and BT often depended on local donors which implied lack of screening for hepatitis B and C. It is recommended that an external supervision system be established to monitor and evaluate the quality of BT performance in the laboratories as well as in wards.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Anemia, blood, etiology, therapy, Blood Grouping and Crossmatching, Blood Transfusion, standards, Child, Preschool, Developing Countries, Female, Hemoglobins, analysis, Hospitals, District, Humans, Infant, Malaria, complications, Male, Quality Control, Tanzania
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Disease Control
PubMed ID: 19682362
Web of Science ID: 269562200001
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4607


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