Operational research in low-income countries: what, why, and how?


Zachariah, R; Harries, AD; Ishikawa, N; Rieder, HL; Bissell, K; Laserson, K; Massaquoi, M; van Herp, M; Reid, T; (2009) Operational research in low-income countries: what, why, and how? The Lancet infectious diseases, 9 (11). pp. 711-717. ISSN 1473-3099 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(09)70229-4

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Abstract

Operational research is increasingly being discussed at institutional meetings, donor forums, and scientific conferences, but limited published information exists on its role from a disease-control and programme perspective. We suggest a definition of operational research, clarify its relevance to infectious-disease control programmes, and describe some of the enabling factors and challenges for its integration into programme settings. Particularly in areas where the disease burden is high and resources and time are limited, investment in operational research and promotion of a culture of inquiry are needed so that health care can become more efficient. Thus, research capacity needs to be developed, specific resources allocated, and different stakeholders (academic institutions, national programme managers, and non-governmental organisations) brought together in promoting operational research.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: ANTIRETROVIRAL TREATMENT, TUBERCULOSIS, MALAWI, CHILDREN, THERAPY, MALARIA, EXPERIENCE, EFFICIENCY, DIAGNOSIS, PROGRAMS, Communicable Disease Control, methods, Communicable Diseases, epidemiology, Developing Countries, Health Services Research, economics, utilization, Humans
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Social and Environmental Health Research
Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Clinical Research
PubMed ID: 19850229
Web of Science ID: 271223700020
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4536

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