Correlates of school dropout and absenteeism among adolescent girls from marginalized community in north Karnataka, south India.


Prakash, R; Beattie, T; Javalkar, P; Bhattacharjee, P; Ramanaik, S; Thalinja, R; Murthy, S; Davey, C; Blanchard, J; Watts, C; Collumbien, M; Moses, S; Hesie, L; Isac, S; (2017) Correlates of school dropout and absenteeism among adolescent girls from marginalized community in north Karnataka, south India. Journal of adolescence, 61. pp. 64-76. ISSN 0140-1971 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2017.09.007

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Abstract

Secondary education among lower caste adolescent girls living in rural Karnataka, South India, is characterized by high rates of school drop-out and absenteeism. A cross-sectional baseline survey (N=2275) was conducted in 2014 as part of a cluster-randomized control trial among adolescent girls (13-14 year) and their families from marginalized communities in two districts of north Karnataka. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used. Overall, 8.7% girls reported secondary school dropout and 8.1% reported frequent absenteeism (past month). In adjusted analyses, economic factors (household poverty; girls' work-related migration), social norms and practices (child marriage; value of girls' education), and school-related factors (poor learning environment and bullying/harassment at school) were associated with an increased odds of school dropout and absenteeism. Interventions aiming to increase secondary school retention among marginalized girls may require a multi-level approach, with synergistic components that address social, structural and economic determinants of school absenteeism and dropout.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Global Health and Development
Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Social and Environmental Health Research
PubMed ID: 28968543
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4523800

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