The prevalence and risk factors for Acute Respiratory Infections in children aged 0-59 months in rural Malawi: a cross-sectional study.


Cox, M; Rose, L; Kalua, K; de Wildt, G; Bailey, R; Hart, J; (2017) The prevalence and risk factors for Acute Respiratory Infections in children aged 0-59 months in rural Malawi: a cross-sectional study. Influenza and other respiratory viruses. ISSN 1750-2640 DOI: 10.1111/irv.12481

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract

Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) are a leading cause of childhood mortality and morbidity. Malawi has high childhood mortality but limited data on the prevalence of disease in the community. A cross-sectional study of children aged 0-59 months. Health passports were examined for ARI diagnoses in the preceding 12 months. Children were physically examined for malnutrition or current ARI. 828 children participated. The annual prevalence of ARI was 32.6% (95% CI 29.3-36.0%). Having a sibling with ARI (OR 1.44, P=0.01), increasing household density (OR 2.17, P=0.02) and acute malnutrition (OR 1.69, P=0.01) were predictors of infection in the last year. The point prevalence of ARI was 8.3% (95% CI 6.8-10.4%). Risk factors for current ARI were acute-on-chronic malnutrition (OR 3.06, P=0.02), increasing household density (OR1.19, P=0.05) and having a sibling with ARI (OR 2.30, P=0.02). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Clinical Research
PubMed ID: 28941079
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4453076

Statistics


Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads since deposit
0Downloads
10Hits
Accesses by country - last 12 months
Accesses by referrer - last 12 months
Impact and interest
Additional statistics for this record are available via IRStats2

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item