Families bereaved by road traffic crashes: linkage of mortality records with 1971-2001 censuses.


Sullivan, R; Edwards, P; Sloggett, A; Marshall, CE; (2009) Families bereaved by road traffic crashes: linkage of mortality records with 1971-2001 censuses. Injury prevention, 15 (6). pp. 364-8. ISSN 1353-8047 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/ip.2009.022368

[img] Text (Post Print) - Accepted Version
License:

Download (49kB)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the number of people alive in England & Wales who have lost a close family member in a fatal road traffic crash. DESIGN: Linkage of mortality records in a sample of 1.1% of the population during 1971-2005 with records from the 1971, 1981, 1991 and 2001 censuses. For each person killed in a road traffic crash, the number of close family members still alive in 2005 was estimated by applying life table probabilities of survival. SETTING: England & Wales, UK. SUBJECTS: Adults and children killed in road traffic crashes 1971-2005. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Number of close family members alive in 2005. RESULTS: In a sample of approximately 1.1% of the population in 1971-2005, a total of 1801 adults and children died in road traffic crashes. These deaths left 6467 close family members bereaved in 2005, corresponding to a total of 590 518 bereaved in the population (including 131 399 parents who had lost a child and 107 384 offspring who had lost a parent). CONCLUSION: Over 1% of the population of England & Wales alive in 2005 had lost a close family member in a fatal road traffic crash since 1971. This may imply a greater public health burden of road traffic crashes than previously estimated.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- ) > Dept of Nutrition and Public Health Interventions Research (2003-2012)
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- ) > Dept of Population Studies (1974-2012)
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology
Research Centre: Transport & Health Group
Centre for Maternal, Reproductive and Child Health (MARCH)
Population Studies Group
PubMed ID: 19959726
Web of Science ID: 272379300003
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4408

Statistics


Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads since deposit
226Downloads
336Hits
Accesses by country - last 12 months
Accesses by referrer - last 12 months
Impact and interest
Additional statistics for this record are available via IRStats2

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item