Phosphoproteomic analysis reveals the importance of kinase regulation during orbivirus infection.


Mohl, BP; Emmott, E; Roy, P; (2017) Phosphoproteomic analysis reveals the importance of kinase regulation during orbivirus infection. Molecular & cellular proteomics. ISSN 1535-9476 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1074/mcp.M117.067355

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Abstract

Bluetongue virus (BTV) causes infections in wild and domesticated ruminants with high morbidity and mortality and is responsible for significant economic losses in both developing and developed countries. BTV serves as a model for the study of other members of the Orbivirus genus. Previously, the importance of casein kinase 2 for BTV replication was demonstrated. To identify intracellular signalling pathways and novel host-cell kinases involved during BTV infection, the phosphoproteome of BTV infected cells was analysed. Over 1000 phosphosites were identified using mass spectrometry, which were then used to determine the corresponding kinases involved during BTV infection. This analysis yielded protein kinase A (PKA) as a novel kinase activated during BTV infection. Subsequently, the importance of PKA for BTV infection was validated using a PKA inhibitor and activator. Our data confirmed that PKA was essential for efficient viral growth. Further, we showed that PKA is also required for infection of equid cells by African horse sickness virus, another member of the Orbivirus genus. Thus, despite their preference in specific host species, orbiviruses may utilize the same host signaling pathways during their replication.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Pathogen Molecular Biology
PubMed ID: 28851738
Web of Science ID: 414216800007
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4309167

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