Scope for rotavirus vaccination in India: revisiting the scientific evidence.


Neogi, SB; Hasan, H; Sheikh, K; Zodpey, S; (2011) Scope for rotavirus vaccination in India: revisiting the scientific evidence. Indian journal of pediatrics, 78 (10). pp. 1251-5. ISSN 0019-5456 DOI: 10.1007/s12098-011-0448-3

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Abstract

: Rotavirus vaccines have been developed to prevent deaths resulting from severe diarrhea of rotavirus origin. The use of vaccines as an intervention at scale to prevent and control the burden of rotavirus diarrhea is supported by the argument that prevailing public health measures such as hygiene and sanitation, breast feeding and use of ORS have failed to prevent severe dehydration resulting from diarrhea. The article reviews the existing evidence on the rationale of using rotavirus vaccine as against the feasibility of scaling it up in developing countries like India. The vaccines currently available may not cover the strains circulating in Indian population. The diversity of Rotavirus infection in the country is tremendous and since the safety, immunogenicity and efficacy data has not been collected for India, there is first a need to conduct studies to measure the extent of protection and cross-protection provided by the available vaccines for local strains, before venturing into Rotavirus vaccination program. The potential benefits of immunization have to be first vetted against the risks involved by the policymakers and other stakeholders.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Global Health and Development
Research Centre: Vaccine Centre
PubMed ID: 21611712
Web of Science ID: 295520400011
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/427566

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