Preconceptional and gestational weight trajectories and risk of delivering a small-for-gestational-age baby in rural Gambia.


Johnson, W; Elmrayed, SA; Sosseh, F; Prentice, AM; Moore, SE; (2017) Preconceptional and gestational weight trajectories and risk of delivering a small-for-gestational-age baby in rural Gambia. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 105 (6). pp. 1474-1482. ISSN 0002-9165 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.116.144196

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Abstract

Background: Maternal nutritional status is a key determinant of small for gestational age (SGA), but some knowledge gaps remain, particularly regarding the role of the energy balance entering pregnancy.Objective: We investigated how preconceptional and gestational weight trajectories (summarized by individual-level traits) are associated with SGA risk in rural Gambia.Design: The sample comprised 670 women in a trial with serial weight data (7310 observations) that were available before and during pregnancy. Individual trajectories from 6 mo before conception to 30 wk of gestation were produced with the use of multilevel modeling. Summary traits were expressed as weight z scores [weight z score at 3 mo preconception (zwt-3 mo), weight z score at conception, weight z score at 3 mo postconception, weight z score at 7 mo postconception (zwt+7 mo), and conditional measures that represented the change from the preceding time] and were related to SGA risk with the use of Poisson regression with confounder adjustment; linear splines were used to account for nonlinearity.Results: Maternal weight at each time point had a consistent nonlinear relation with SGA risk. For example, the zwt-3 mo estimate was stronger in women with values ≤0.5 (RR: 0.736; 95% CI: 0.594, 0.910) than in women with values >0.5 (RR: 0.920; 95% CI: 0.682, 1.241). The former group had the highest observed SGA prevalence. Focusing on weight change, only conditional zwt+7 mo was associated with SGA and only in women with values >-0.5 (RR: 0.579; 95% CI: 0.463, 0.724).Conclusions: Protection against delivering an SGA neonate offered by greater preconceptional or gestational weight may be most pronounced in more undernourished and vulnerable women. Independent of this possibility, greater second- and third-trimester weight gain beyond a threshold may be protective. This trial was registered at http://www.isrctn.com/ as ISRCTN49285450.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- ) > Dept of Nutrition and Public Health Interventions Research (2003-2012)
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
PubMed ID: 28490512
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4259181

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