Genetic Factors in the Pathogenesis of Cholangiocarcinoma


Wadsworth, CA; Dixon, PH; Wong, JH; Chapman, MH; McKay, SC; Sharif, A; Spalding, DR; Pereira, SP; Thomas, HC; Taylor-Robinson, SD; Whittaker, J; Williamson, C; Khan, SA; (2011) Genetic Factors in the Pathogenesis of Cholangiocarcinoma. Digestive diseases (Basel, Switzerland), 29 (1). pp. 93-97. ISSN 0257-2753 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1159/000324688

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Abstract

Background: Cholangiocarcinoma (CC) is increasing in incidence, but its pathogenesis remains poorly understood. Chronic inflammation of the bile duct and cholestasis are major risk factors, but most cases in the West are sporadic. Genetic polymorphisms in biliary transporter proteins have been implicated in benign biliary disease and, in the case of progressive familial cholestasis, have been associated with childhood onset of CC. In the current study, five biologically plausible candidate genes were investigated: ABCB11 (BSEP), ABCB4 (MDR3), ABCC2 (MRP2), ATP8B1 (FIC1) and NR1H4 (FXR). Methods: DNA was collected from 172 Caucasian individuals with confirmed CC. A control cohort of healthy Caucasians was formed. Seventy-three SNPs were selected using the HapMap database to capture genetic variation around the five candidate loci. Genotyping was undertaken with a competitive PCR-based system. Confirmation of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and Cochran-Armitage trend testing were performed using PLINK. Haplotype frequencies were compared using haplo. stats. Results: All 73 SNPs were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Four SNPs in ABCB11 were associated with altered susceptibility to CC, including the V444A polymorphism, but these associations did not retain statistical significance after Bonferroni correction for multiple testing. Haplotype analysis of the genotyped SNPs in ATP8B1 identified significant differences in frequencies between cases and controls (global p value of 0.005). Conclusion: Haplotypes in ATP8B1 demonstrated a significant difference between CC and control groups. There was a trend towards significant association of V444A with CC. Given the biological plausibility of polymorphisms in ABCB11 and ATP8B1 as risk modifiers for CC, further study in a validation cohort is required. Copyright (C) 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Cholangiocarcinoma, Genetics, ABCB11, ABCB4, ABCC2, ATP8B1, NR1H4, PRIMARY SCLEROSING CHOLANGITIS, FAMILIAL INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS, EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLANGIOCARCINOMA, UNITED-STATES, RISK-FACTORS, BILIARY-CIRRHOSIS, POLYMORPHISMS, ASSOCIATION, POPULATION, CANCER
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology
PubMed ID: 21691113
Web of Science ID: 291783600017
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/422

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