Assessing gut microbiota perturbations during the early phase of infectious diarrhea in Vietnamese children.


The, HC; Florez de Sessions, P; Jie, S; Pham Thanh, D; Thompson, CN; Nguyen Ngoc Minh, C; Chu, CW; Tran, TA; Thomson, NR; Thwaites, GE; Rabaa, MA; Hibberd, M; Baker, S; (2017) Assessing gut microbiota perturbations during the early phase of infectious diarrhea in Vietnamese children. Gut microbes. ISSN 1949-0976 DOI: 10.1080/19490976.2017.1361093

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Abstract

Diarrheal diseases remain the second most common cause of mortality in young children in developing countries. Efforts have been made to explore the impact of diarrhea on bacterial communities in the human gut, but a thorough understanding has been impeded by inadequate resolution in bacterial identification and the examination of only few etiological agents. Here, by profiling an extended region of the 16S rRNA gene in the fecal microbiome, we aimed to elucidate the nature of gut microbiome perturbations during the early phase of infectious diarrhea caused by various etiological agents in Vietnamese children. Fecal samples from 145 diarrheal cases with a confirmed infectious etiology prior to antimicrobial therapy and 54 control subjects were analyzed. We found that the diarrheal fecal microbiota could be robustly categorized into four microbial configurations that either generally resembled or were highly divergent from a healthy state. Factors such as age, nutritional status, breastfeeding, and the etiology of the infection were significantly associated with these microbial community structures. We observed a consistent elevation of Fusobacterium mortiferum, Escherichia, and oral microorganisms in all diarrheal fecal microbiome configurations, proposing similar mechanistic interactions, even in the absence of global dysbiosis. We additionally found that Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum was significantly depleted during dysenteric diarrhea regardless of the etiological agent, suggesting that further investigations into the use of this species as a dysentery-orientated probiotic therapy are warranted. Our findings contribute to the understanding of the complex influence of infectious diarrhea on gut microbiome and identify new opportunities for therapeutic interventions.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Pathogen Molecular Biology
PubMed ID: 28767339
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4189881

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