Galleria mellonella is low cost and suitable surrogate host for studying virulence of human pathogenic Vibrio cholerae.


Bokhari, H; Ali, A; Noreen, Z; Thomson, N; Wren, BW; (2017) Galleria mellonella is low cost and suitable surrogate host for studying virulence of human pathogenic Vibrio cholerae. Gene. ISSN 0378-1119 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2017.07.019

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Abstract

Vibrio cholerae causes a severe diarrheal disease affecting millions of people worldwide, particularly in low income countries. V. cholerae successfully persist in aquatic environment and its pathogenic strains results in sever enteric disease in humans. This dual life style contributes towards its better survival and persistence inside host gut and in the environment. Alternative animal replacement models are of great value in studying host-pathogen interaction and for quick screening of various pathogenic strains. One such model is Galleria mellonella, a wax worm which has a complex innate immune system and here we investigate its suitability as a model for clinical human isolates of O1 El TOR, Ogawa serotype belonging to two genetically distinct subclades found in Pakistan (PSC-1 and PSC-2). We demonstrate that the PSC-2 strain D59 frequently isolated from inland areas, was more virulent than PSC-1 strain K7 mainly isolated from coastal areas (p=0.0001). In addition, we compared the relative biofilm capability of the representative strains as indicators of their survival and persistence in the environment and K7 showed enhanced biofilm forming capabilities (p=0.004). Finally we present the annotated genomes of the strains D59 and K7, and compared them with the reference strain N16961.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Pathogen Molecular Biology
PubMed ID: 28698162
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/4086935

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