Air pollution and activation of implantable cardioverter defibrillators in london.


Anderson, HR; Armstrong, B; Hajat, S; Harrison, R; Monk, V; Poloniecki, J; Timmis, A; Wilkinson, P; (2010) Air pollution and activation of implantable cardioverter defibrillators in london. Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass), 21 (3). pp. 405-13. ISSN 1044-3983 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0b013e3181d61600

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:: Air pollution may increase the incidence of ventricular cardiac arrhythmias. We investigated this in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators attending London clinics. METHOD:: We explored associations between dates of activation of defibrillators and daily concentrations of various metrics of particulate matter and of pollutant gases at lags from 0 to 5 days, using a fixed-stratum case-crossover analysis controlling for confounding factors. RESULTS:: Over an average of 1200 days of observation, 705 patients experienced 5462 activation days. Of 11 pollutants considered, we found positive associations with particle sulfate, particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 10 mum and less than 2.5 mum, ozone, and sulfur dioxide. Only the association for particle sulfate was not easily explainable by chance (for 1 mug/m, lag 0-1 day, odds ratio = 1.025 [95% confidence interval = 1.003 to 1.047]). There was little or no evidence of associations with markers of primary vehicle emissions (particle number concentration, black smoke, nitrogen oxides, and carbon monoxide). There was little evidence of interactions with clinical factors such as ischemic heart disease, frequency of activation, or cardiac drugs. CONCLUSION:: Overall there was little evidence of an association between air pollution and activation of implantable cardioverter defibrillators. The pollutants with positive associations tended to be those of secondary origin with a regional distribution, rather than primary pollutants emitted from transport sources.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Social and Environmental Health Research
Research Centre: Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
Transport & Health Group
PubMed ID: 20386173
Web of Science ID: 277071500019
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/3868

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