Provision of acute stroke care and associated factors in a multiethnic population: prospective study with the South London Stroke Register.


Addo, J; Bhalla, A; Crichton, S; Rudd, AG; McKevitt, C; Wolfe, CD; (2011) Provision of acute stroke care and associated factors in a multiethnic population: prospective study with the South London Stroke Register. BMJ (Clinical research ed), 342. d744. ISSN 0959-8138 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.d744

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate time trends in receipt of effective acute stroke care and to determine the factors associated with provision of care. DESIGN: Population based stroke register. SETTING: South London. PARTICIPANTS: 3800 patients with first ever ischaemic stroke or primary intracerebral haemorrhage registered between January 1995 and December 2009. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Acute care interventions, admission to hospital, care on a stroke unit, acute drugs, and inequalities in access to care. RESULTS: Between 2007 and 2009, 5% (33/620) of patients were still not admitted to a hospital after an acute stroke, particularly those with milder strokes, and 21% (124/584) of patients admitted to hospital were not admitted to a stroke unit. Rates of admission to stroke units and brain imaging, between 1995 and 2009, and for thrombolysis, between 2005 and 2009, increased significantly (P<0.001). Black patients compared with white patients had a significantly increased odds of admission to a stroke unit (odds ratio 1.76, 95% confidence interval 1.35 to 2.29, P<0.001) and of receipt of occupational therapy or physiotherapy (1.90, 1.21 to 2.97, P=0.01), independent of age or stroke severity. Patients with motor or swallowing deficits were also more likely to be admitted to a stroke unit (1.52, 1.12 to 2.06, P=0.001 and 1.32, 1.02 to 1.72, P<0.001, respectively). Length of stay in hospital decreased significantly between 1995 and 2009 (P<0.001). The odds of brain imaging were lowest in patients aged 75 or more years (P=0.004) and those of lower socioeconomic status (P<0.001). The likelihood of those with a functional deficit receiving rehabilitation increased significantly over time (P<0.001). Patients aged 75 or more were more likely to receive occupational therapy or physiotherapy (P=0.002). CONCLUSION: Although the receipt of effective acute stroke care improved between 1995 and 2009, inequalities in its provision were significant, and implementation of evidence based care was not optimal.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology
Research Centre: Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
PubMed ID: 21349892
Web of Science ID: 287920900009
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/37911

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