Neuroticism and psychological distress: To what extent is their association due to person-environment correlation?


Ploubidis, GB; Frangou, S; (2011) Neuroticism and psychological distress: To what extent is their association due to person-environment correlation? European psychiatry, 26 (1). pp. 1-5. ISSN 0924-9338 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2009.11.003

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine to what extent the association between neuroticism and psychological distress is related to individuals' inherent vulnerability or their tendency to self-select high-risk environments or situations.<br/> METHOD: Data was drawn from both waves (1984/1985 and 1991) of the Health and Lifestyle Survey. Psychological distress was evaluated using the 30-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-30) and neuroticism was assessed with the Eysenck Personality Inventory. A checklist of life events was completed in the second wave only. A Latent State Trait model was estimated to decompose psychological distress into its environmental-contextual and individual-specific components.<br/> RESULTS: Neuroticism accounted for 31 and 10% respectively of the variance of the environmental-contextual and individual-specific psychological distress components.<br/> CONCLUSION: Our results favour the notion that individuals with high-levels of neuroticism tend to self-select situations likely to lead to adversity and distress.<br/>

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- ) > Dept of Population Studies (1974-2012)
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
PubMed ID: 20430593
Web of Science ID: 287069900001
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/3777

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