Investigating a Non-Mesh Mosquito Net Among Outdoor Sleeping Nomadic Communities in Kenya.


Gore-Langton, GR; Mungai, J; Alenwi, N; Abagira, A; Bicknell, OM; Harrison, RE; Hassan, FA; Munga, S; Eves, K; Juma, E; Allan, R; (2015) Investigating a Non-Mesh Mosquito Net Among Outdoor Sleeping Nomadic Communities in Kenya. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 93 (5). pp. 1002-9. ISSN 0002-9637 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0458

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Abstract

Rising reports of exophagic malaria vectors make even more pressing the need for alternatives to traditional, mesh, long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) designed for indoor sleeping and often inadequate in the protection of outdoor-sleeping populations. This study tests and evaluates the retention, utilization, and durability of novel, non-mesh nets designed for outdoor use. Longitudinal, cross-sectional surveys were conducted, the physical condition of nets was assessed, and bio-efficacy and insecticide content were tested. At 22 months, retention was 98.0%; 97.1% of nets fell within the World Health Organization (WHO) category of being in "good" condition; none were in the "torn" category. At 18 months post-distribution, 100% of nets had at least WHO Pesticide Evaluation Scheme (WHOPES)-acceptable levels of insecticide, this proportion was 66.7% at 22 months. This novel mosquito net has the potential to provide a durable and context-specific tool to prevent malaria among traditionally hard-to-protect and highly vulnerable populations.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
PubMed ID: 26416107
Web of Science ID: 364437500020
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/3615608

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