Hepatitis B virus candidate subgenotype I1 varies in distribution throughout Guangxi, China and may have originated in Long An county, Guangxi.


Li, GJ; Hue, S; Harrison, TJ; Yang, JY; Chen, QY; Wang, XY; Fang, ZL; (2013) Hepatitis B virus candidate subgenotype I1 varies in distribution throughout Guangxi, China and may have originated in Long An county, Guangxi. Journal of medical virology, 85 (5). pp. 799-807. ISSN 0146-6615 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.23533

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Abstract

Sequencing of the complete hepatitis B virus (HBV) genomes from Vietnam, China and Laos led to the identification of a complex recombinant, referred to initially as an aberrant genotype and later proposed to be a new genotype, I. However, epidemiological data regarding this new genotype are lacking. A cross-sectional study was carried out to investigate the epidemiology of HBV candidate genotype I in Guangxi, China using stratified, random cluster sampling. Four thousand five hundred thirteen subjects were recruited from five counties within Guangxi. Three genotypes, B, C, and I, were identified with a prevalence of 32.6% (114/350), 64% (224/350), and 3.4% (12/350), respectively. All the genotype I isolates belong to candidate subgenotype I1 and were found in Bing Yang (15.3%, 9/59) and Na Po (5.0%, 3/60) counties only. The prevalence of this subgenotype is significantly higher in males (5.1%, 10/195) than in females (1.3%, 2/155; X(2)  = 3.959, P < 0.05) but does not differ significantly with age. It was found in the Han (4.5%, 9/201) and Zhuang (3.1%, 3/97) ethnic populations only. There is no significant difference from other genotypes in the prevalence of HBV serological markers. Phylogeographic analysis revealed that genotype I1 likely arose in Long An county, then spread later to Bing Yang, Na Po counties and elsewhere in southeast Asia. In conclusion, the distribution of candidate genotype I within Guangxi is not even and it is highly endemic in some counties. Its prevalence is associated with gender and ethnicity. Subgenotype I1 likely originated in Long An county.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
PubMed ID: 23508905
Web of Science ID: 316971500007
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/3548940

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