Two countries divided by a common language: health systems in the UK and USA.


Desai, M; Rachet, B; Coleman, MP; McKee, M; (2010) Two countries divided by a common language: health systems in the UK and USA. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 103 (7). pp. 283-287. ISSN 0141-0768 DOI: 10.1258/jrsm.2010.100126

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Abstract

Summary Despite the historic significance of the healthcare reform bill that was passed into law by President Obama in March 2010, the debate still rages. The UK National Health Service (NHS) has featured prominently in the current American debate on healthcare reform, with critics calling attention to its perceived shortcomings. Some of these, such as the existence of 'death panels', can easily be dismissed, but others, such as the cancer survival deficit, cannot. This paper reviews the evidence on outcomes from cancer and other chronic non-communicable diseases, the two leading causes of death in both countries. The headline figures showing better cancer survival in the USA are exaggerated by methodological issues, but a gap remains, due in large part to better outcomes among older people. Outcomes among younger people with chronic disease are, however, much worse in the USA. Paradoxically, given the nature of the debate in the USA so far, those parts of the US health system that get the best results, such as the Veterans' Administration, or the elderly on Medicare, are those that most closely resemble the British NHS - but which are funded somewhat more generously.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Health Services Research and Policy
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology
Research Centre: ECOHOST - The Centre for Health and Social Change
Centre for Global Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
Cancer Survival Group
PubMed ID: 20595532
Web of Science ID: 279889200010
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/3381

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