Increasing equity of access to point-of-use water treatment products through social marketing and entrepreneurship: a case study in western Kenya.


Freeman, MC; Quick, RE; Abbott, DP; Ogutu, P; Rheingans, R; (2009) Increasing equity of access to point-of-use water treatment products through social marketing and entrepreneurship: a case study in western Kenya. Journal of water and health, 7 (3). pp. 527-34. ISSN 1477-8920 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2166/wh.2009.063

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Abstract

Point-of-use water chlorination reduces diarrhoea risk by 25-85%. Social marketing has expanded access to inexpensive sodium hypochlorite for water treatment, at a cost of less than US$0.01 per day, in Kenya. To increase product access, women's groups in western Kenya were trained to educate neighbours and sell health products to generate income. We evaluated this programme's impact on equity of access to water treatment products in a cross-sectional survey. We surveyed 487 randomly selected households in eight communities served by the women's groups. Overall, 20% (range 5-39%) of households in eight communities purchased and used chlorine, as confirmed by residual chlorine observed in stored water. Multivariate models using illiteracy and the poorest socioeconomic status as a referent showed that persons with at least some primary education (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.8, 3.5) or secondary education (OR 5.4, 95% CI 1.6, 17.5) and persons in the four wealthiest quintiles (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.0, 6.0) were more likely to chlorinate stored water. While this implementation model was associated with good product penetration and use, barriers to access to inexpensive water treatment remained among the very poor and less educated.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Disease Control
PubMed ID: 19491503
Web of Science ID: 269629100016
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/3159

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