Large-scale evolutionary surveillance of the 2009 H1N1 influenza A virus using resequencing arrays.


Lee, CW; Koh, CW; Chan, YS; Aw, PP; Loh, KH; Han, BL; Thien, PL; Nai, GY; Hibberd, ML; Wong, CW; Sung, WK; (2010) Large-scale evolutionary surveillance of the 2009 H1N1 influenza A virus using resequencing arrays. Nucleic acids research, 38 (9). e111. ISSN 0305-1048 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkq089

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Abstract

In April 2009, a new influenza A (H1N1 2009) virus emerged that rapidly spread around the world. While current variants of this virus have caused widespread disease, particularly in vulnerable groups, there remains the possibility that future variants may cause increased virulence, drug resistance or vaccine escape. Early detection of these virus variants may offer the chance for increased containment and potentially prevention of the virus spread. We have developed and field-tested a resequencing kit that is capable of interrogating all eight segments of the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) virus genome and its variants, with added focus on critical regions such as drug-binding sites, structural components and mutation hotspots. The accompanying base-calling software (EvolSTAR) introduces novel methods that utilize neighbourhood hybridization intensity profiles and substitution bias of probes on the microarray for mutation confirmation and recovery of ambiguous base queries. Our results demonstrate that EvolSTAR is highly accurate and has a much improved call rate. The high throughput and short turn-around time from sample to sequence and analysis results (30 h for 24 samples) makes this kit an efficient large-scale evolutionary biosurveillance tool.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Pathogen Molecular Biology
PubMed ID: 20185568
Web of Science ID: 277994600008
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2869471

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