Lifestyle factors and visible skin aging in a population of Japanese elders


Asakura, K; Nishiwaki, Y; Milojevic, A; Michikawa, T; Kikuchi, Y; Nakano, M; Iwasawa, S; Hillebrand, G; Miyamoto, K; Ono, M; Kinjo, Y; Akiba, S; Takebayashi, T; (2009) Lifestyle factors and visible skin aging in a population of Japanese elders. Journal of epidemiology / Japan Epidemiological Association, 19 (5). pp. 251-9. ISSN 0917-5040 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.JE20090031

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The number of studies that use objective and quantitative methods to evaluate facial skin aging in elderly people is extremely limited, especially in Japan. Therefore, in this cross-sectional study we attempted to characterize the condition of facial skin (hyperpigmentation, pores, texture, and wrinkling) in Japanese adults aged 65 years or older by using objective and quantitative imaging methods. In addition, we aimed to identify lifestyle factors significantly associated with these visible signs of aging. METHODS: The study subjects were 802 community-dwelling Japanese men and women aged at least 65 years and living in the town of Kurabuchi (Takasaki City, Gunma Prefecture, Japan), a mountain community with a population of approximately 4800. The facial skin condition of subjects was assessed quantitatively using a standardized facial imaging system and subsequent computer image analysis. Lifestyle information was collected using a structured questionnaire. The association between skin condition and lifestyle factors was examined using multivariable regression analysis. RESULTS: Among women, the mean values for facial texture, hyperpigmentation, and pores were generally lower than those among age-matched men. There was no significant difference between sexes in the severity of facial wrinkling. Older age was associated with worse skin condition among women only. After adjusting for age, smoking status and topical sun protection were significantly associated with skin condition among both men and women. CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed significant differences between sexes in the severity of hyperpigmentation, texture, and pores, but not wrinkling. Smoking status and topical sun protection were significantly associated with signs of visible skin aging in this study population.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Demography, Esthetics, Female, Humans, Japan/epidemiology, Life Style, Male, Questionnaires, Risk Factors, Skin Aging, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Demography, Esthetics, Female, Humans, Japan, epidemiology, Life Style, Male, Questionnaires, Risk Factors, Skin Aging
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Social and Environmental Health Research
PubMed ID: 19700917
Web of Science ID: 269775700006
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2709

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