Serum antioxidants and age-related macular degeneration among older Japanese


Michikawa, T; Ishida, S; Nishiwaki, Y; Kikuchi, Y; Tsuboi, T; Hosoda, K; Ishigami, A; Iwasawa, S; Nakano, M; Takebayashi, T; (2009) Serum antioxidants and age-related macular degeneration among older Japanese. Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, 18 (1). pp. 1-7. ISSN 0964-7058

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Abstract

From the perspective of human nutrition, the prevention of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) through diet control is feasible and desirable. We investigated the relationship between serum antioxidants and AMD in the community-dwelling older Japanese eating a typical Japanese diet. In this study, 722 subjects aged 65 years or older (297 males and 425 females) who had gradable fundus photographs were included. The subjects were divided into three groups of early or late AMD or non-maculopathy. Serum antioxidants (alpha-, gamma-tocopherols, retinol, beta-cryptoxanthin, alpha-, beta-carotenes, lycopene, and lutein and zeaxanthin) were measured with high-performance liquid chromatography. To clarify the combined effect as the group of the antioxidants, we defined the carotene family (alpha-, beta-carotenes and lycopene) and carotenoid family (beta-cryptoxanthin, alpha-, beta-carotenes, lycopene, lutein and zeaxanthin). Tertiles of each serum antioxidant were obtained and the prevalence of early or late AMD was compared with univariate or multivariate analysis. The overall prevalence of early AMD was 4.4% (95% confidence interval: 3.1-6.2) and late AMD was 1.1% (0.5-2.2). Only alpha-tocopherol and beta-cryptoxanthin were related to late AMD as single antioxidants. On the other hand, the carotene and carotenoid families as a combination of antioxidants were protectively associated with late AMD. No relationship was found between serum antioxidants and early AMD. Our findings support the hypothesis that a combination of serum antioxidants obtained from the traditional Japanese diet is protective for late AMD, but not for early AMD.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aging, Analysis of Variance, Antioxidants/ analysis, Carotenoids/ blood, Female, Health Surveys, Humans, Japan/epidemiology, Macular Degeneration/ blood/epidemiology, Male, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Tocopherols/ blood, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aging, Analysis of Variance, Antioxidants, analysis, Carotenoids, blood, Female, Health Surveys, Humans, Japan, epidemiology, Macular Degeneration, blood, epidemiology, Male, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Tocopherols, blood
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Social and Environmental Health Research
PubMed ID: 19329388
Web of Science ID: 265043100002
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2707

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