Gender difference in the relationships between vision and hearing impairments and negative well-being


Harada, S; Nishiwaki, Y; Michikawa, T; Kikuchi, Y; Iwasawa, S; Nakano, M; Ishigami, A; Saito, H; Takebayashi, T; (2008) Gender difference in the relationships between vision and hearing impairments and negative well-being. Preventive medicine, 47 (4). pp. 433-7. ISSN 0091-7435 DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2008.06.011

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association of hearing impairment, vision impairment and their combination (dual sensory impairment) with negative well-being such as depression, subjective poor health and the reduced functional ability in community-dwelling older adults, and to determine whether any association varies by gender. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2006, we objectively examined vision and hearing impairment (using best-corrected visual acuity and pure-tone audiometric test) in 843 people aged 65 years and older (351 males, 492 females) in a rural Japanese town. Through a home visit interview survey using a structured questionnaire, we also collected information on depression (the five-item Geriatric Depression Scale), subjective poor health, and reduced functional activity (the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology's Index of Competence). RESULTS: We observed gender differences in the association between sensory impairment and depression. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that hearing impairment in males (adjusted odds ratio: 2.22, 95% confidence interval; 1.07-4.61) and vision impairment in females (1.91, 1.14-3.21) were related to depression. Vision impairment and dual sensory impairment were also associated with subjective poor health and reduced functional activity in both sexes. CONCLUSIONS: Sensory impairment is significantly associated with negative well-being in older persons, and its association with depression may differ between males and females.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Activities of Daily Living, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cohort Studies, Depressive Disorder/ epidemiology, Female, Health Status, Health Surveys, Hearing Loss/ psychology, Humans, Japan, Male, Self Concept, Sex Factors, Vision Disorders/ psychology, Activities of Daily Living, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cohort Studies, Depressive Disorder, epidemiology, Female, Health Status, Health Surveys, Hearing Loss, psychology, Humans, Japan, Male, Self Concept, Sex Factors, Vision Disorders, psychology
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Social and Environmental Health Research
PubMed ID: 18619483
Web of Science ID: 260160400015
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2705

Statistics


Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads since deposit
0Downloads
299Hits
Accesses by country - last 12 months
Accesses by referrer - last 12 months
Impact and interest
Additional statistics for this record are available via IRStats2

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item