NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES IN BIOSOCIAL PERSPECTIVE.


Parker, M; Polman, K; Allen, T; (2016) NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES IN BIOSOCIAL PERSPECTIVE. Journal of biosocial science, 48 Suppl 1. S1-S15. ISSN 0021-9320 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021932016000274

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Abstract

The term 'neglected tropical diseases' (NTDs) points to the need for a biosocial perspective. Although 'diseases' are widely understood as biological phenomena, 'neglect' is inherently social. Social priorities, social relations and social behaviour profoundly influence the design, implementation and evaluation of control programmes. Yet, these dimensions of neglect are, themselves, neglected. Instead, emphasis is being placed on preventive chemotherapy - a technical, context-free approach which relies almost entirely on the mass distribution of drugs, at regular intervals, to populations living in endemic areas. This article reflects on the processes which have enabled an NTD 'brand' identity to emerge, and it comments on a disquieting disengagement with some of the more critical insights about the consequences of mass drug administration. Building on the work of biosocial scholars studying other aspects of health and disease, a more adequate, evidence-based approach is delineated. Developing such an approach is an iterative process, requiring on-going engagement with both biological and social insights as they emerge. Considerable theoretical, methodological and political challenges lie ahead, but it is essential they are overcome, if the sustainable control of NTDs is to become a reality.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Global Health and Development
Research Centre: Anthropology, Politics and Policy Group (APPG)
Neglected Tropical Diseases Network
PubMed ID: 27428062
Web of Science ID: 381058500002
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2641510

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