Timing of antiretroviral therapy and TB treatment outcomes in patients with TB-HIV in Myanmar.


Thi, AM; Shewade, HD; Kyaw, NT; Oo, MM; Aung, TK; Aung, ST; Oo, HN; Win, T; Harries, AD; (2016) Timing of antiretroviral therapy and TB treatment outcomes in patients with TB-HIV in Myanmar. Public Health Action, 6 (2). pp. 111-7. ISSN 2220-8372 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5588/pha.16.0009

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Abstract

Integrated HIV Care programme, Mandalay, Myanmar. To determine time to starting antiretroviral treatment (ART) in relation to anti-tuberculosis treatment (ATT) and its association with TB treatment outcomes in patients co-infected with tuberculosis (TB) and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) enrolled from 2011 to 2014. Retrospective cohort study. Of 1708 TB-HIV patients, 1565 (92%) started ATT first and 143 (8%) started ART first. Treatment outcomes were missing for 226 patients and were thus not included. In those starting ATT first, the median time to starting ART was 8.6 weeks. ART was initiated after 8 weeks in 830 (53%) patients. Unsuccessful outcome was found in 7%, with anaemia being an independent predictor. In patients starting ART first, the median time to starting ATT was 21.6 weeks. ATT was initiated within 3 months in 56 (39%) patients. Unsuccessful outcome was found in 12%, and in 20% of those starting ATT within 3 months. Patients with CD4 count <100/mm(3) had a four times higher risk of an unsuccessful outcome. Timing of ART in relation to ATT was not an independent risk factor for unsuccessful outcome. Extensive screening for TB with rapid and sensitive diagnostic tests in HIV-infected persons and close monitoring of anaemia and immunosuppression are recommended to further improve TB treatment outcomes among patients with TB-HIV. Abstract available from the publisher. Abstract available from the publisher.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Clinical Research
PubMed ID: 27358804
Web of Science ID: 378323200012
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2572519

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