The Impact of Polio Eradication on Routine Immunization and Primary Health Care: A Mixed-Methods Study


Closser, S; Cox, K; Parris, TM; Landis, RM; Justice, J; Gopinath, R; Maes, K; Amaha, HB; Mohammed, IZ; Dukku, AM; Omidian, PA; Varley, E; Tedoff, P; Koon, AD; Nyirazinyoye, L; Luck, MA; Pont, WF; Neergheen, V; Rosenthal, A; Nsubuga, P; Thacker, N; Jooma, R; Nuttall, E; (2014) The Impact of Polio Eradication on Routine Immunization and Primary Health Care: A Mixed-Methods Study. The Journal of infectious diseases, 210. S504-S513. ISSN 0022-1899 DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jit232

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Abstract

Background. After 2 decades of focused efforts to eradicate polio, the impact of eradication activities on health systems continues to be controversial. This study evaluated the impact of polio eradication activities on routine immunization (RI) and primary healthcare (PHC). Methods.aEuro integral Quantitative analysis assessed the effects of polio eradication campaigns on RI and maternal healthcare coverage. A systematic qualitative analysis in 7 countries in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa assessed impacts of polio eradication activities on key health system functions, using data from interviews, participant observation, and document review. Results.aEuro integral Our quantitative analysis did not find compelling evidence of widespread and significant effects of polio eradication campaigns, either positive or negative, on measures of RI and maternal healthcare. Our qualitative analysis revealed context-specific positive impacts of polio eradication activities in many of our case studies, particularly disease surveillance and cold chain strengthening. These impacts were dependent on the initiative of policy makers. Negative impacts, including service interruption and public dissatisfaction, were observed primarily in districts with many campaigns per year. Conclusions.aEuro integral Polio eradication activities can provide support for RI and PHC, but many opportunities to do so remain missed. Increased commitment to scaling up best practices could lead to significant positive impacts.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Africa South of the Sahara, Asia, Southeastern, Disease Eradication, methods, Humans, Immunization, methods, utilization, Poliomyelitis, prevention & control, Poliovirus Vaccines, administration & dosage, Primary Health Care, utilization
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Global Health and Development
PubMed ID: 24690667
Web of Science ID: 344612400060
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2551660

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