Trends in adult body-mass index in 200 countries from 1975 to 2014: a pooled analysis of 1698 population-based measurement studies with 19.2 million participants

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC); , COLLABORATORS; Di Cesare, M; Bentham, J; Stevens, GA; Zhou, B; Danaei, G; Lu, Y; Bixby, H; Cowan, MJ; +748 more... Riley, LM; Hajifathalian, K; Fortunato, L; Taddei, C; Bennett, JE; Ikeda, N; Khang, YH; Kyobutungi, C; Laxmaiah, A; Li, Y; Lin, HH; Miranda, JJ; Mostafa, A; Turley, ML; Paciorek, CJ; Gunter, M; Ezzati, M; Abdeen, ZA; Abdul Hamid, Z; Abu-Rmeileh, NM; Acosta-Cazares, B; Adams, R; Aekplakorn, W; Aguilar-Salinas, CA; Ahmadvand, A; Ahrens, W; Ali, MM; Alkerwi, A; Alvarez-Pedrerol, M; Aly, E; Amouyel, P; Amuzu, A; Andersen, LB; Anderssen, SA; Andrade, DS; Anjana, RM; Aounallah-Skhiri, H; Ariansen, I; Aris, T; Arlappa, N; Arveiler, D; Assah, FK; Avdicová, M; Azizi, F; Beheshti, S; Babu, BV; Balakrishna, N; Bandosz, P; Banegas, JR; Barbagallo, CM; Barceló, A; Barkat, A; Barros, MV; Bata, I; Batieha, AM; Batista, RL; Baur, LA; Beaglehole, R; Ben Romdhane, H; Benet, M; Bernabe-Ortiz, A; Bernotiene, G; Bettiol, H; Bhagyalaxmi, A; Bharadwaj, S; Bhargava, SK; Bhatti, Z; Bhutta, ZA; Bi, H; Bi, Y; Bjerregaard, P; Bjertness, E; Bjertness, MB; Björkelund, C; Blake, M; Blokstra, A; Bo, S; Bobak, M; Boddy, LM; Boehm, BO; Boeing, H; Boissonnet, CP; Bongard, V; Bovet, P; Braeckman, L; Bragt, MC; Brajkovich, I; Branca, F; Breckenkamp, J; Brenner, H; Brewster, LM; Brian, GR; Bruno, G; Bueno-de-Mesquita, HB; Bugge, A; Burns, C; Cabrera de León, A; Cacciottolo, J; Cama, T; Cameron, C; Camolas, J; Can, G; Cândido, AP; Capuano, V; Cardoso, VC; Carvalho, MJ; Casanueva, F; Casas, JP; Caserta, CA; Castetbon, K; Chamukuttan, S; Chan, AW; Chan, Q; Chaturvedi, HK; Chaturvedi, N; Chen, CJ; Chen, F; Chen, H; Chen, S; Chen, Z; Cheng, CY; Chetrit, A; Chiolero, A; Chiou, ST; Chirita-Emandi, A; Cho, Y; Christensen, K; Chudek, J; Cifkova, R; Claessens, F; Clays, E; Concin, H; Cooper, C; Cooper, R; Coppinger, TC; Costanzo, S; Cottel, D; Cowell, C; Craig, CL; Crujeiras, AB; D'Arrigo, G; d'Orsi, E; Dallongeville, J; Damasceno, A; Damsgaard, CT; Danaei, G; Dankner, R; Dauchet, L; De Backer, G; De Bacquer, D; de Gaetano, G; De Henauw, S; De Smedt, D; Deepa, M; Deev, AD; Dehghan, A; Delisle, H; Delpeuch, F; Dhana, K; Di Castelnuovo, AF; Dias-da-Costa, JS; Diaz, A; Djalalinia, S; Do, HT; Dobson, AJ; Donfrancesco, C; Döring, A; Doua, K; Drygas, W; Egbagbe, EE; Eggertsen, R; Ekelund, U; El Ati, J; Elliott, P; Engle-Stone, R; Erasmus, RT; Erem, C; Eriksen, L; Escobedo-de la Peña, J; Evans, A; Faeh, D; Fall, CH; Farzadfar, F; Felix-Redondo, FJ; Ferguson, TS; Fernández-Bergés, D; Ferrante, D; Ferrari, M; Ferreccio, C; Ferrieres, J; Finn, JD; Fischer, K; Flores, EM; Föger, B; Foo, LH; Forslund, AS; Fortmann, SP; Fouad, HM; Francis, DK; Franco, MdoC; Franco, OH; Frontera, G; Fuchs, FD; Fuchs, SC; Fujita, Y; Furusawa, T; Gaciong, Z; Gafencu, M; Gareta, D; Garnett, SP; Gaspoz, JM; Gasull, M; Gates, L; Geleijnse, JM; Ghasemian, A; Giampaoli, S; Gianfagna, F; Giovannelli, J; Giwercman, A; Goldsmith, RA; Gonzalez Gross, M; González Rivas, JP; Gorbea, MB; Gottrand, F; Graff -Iversen, S; Grafnetter, D; Grajda, A; Grammatikopoulou, MG; Gregor, RD; Grodzicki, T; Grøntved, A; Gruden, G; Grujic, V; Gu, D; Guan, OP; Gudnason, V; Guerrero, R; Guessous, I; Guimaraes, AL; Gulliford, MC; Gunnlaugsdottir, J; Gunter, M; Guo, XH; Guo, Y; Gupta, PC; Gureje, O; Gurzkowska, B; Gutierrez, L; Gutzwiller, F; Halkjær, J; Hardy, R; Hari Kumar, R; Hayes, AJ; He, J; Hendriks, ME; Hernandez Cadena, L; Heshmat, R; Hihtaniemi, IT; Ho, SY; Ho, SC; Hobbs, M; Hofman, A; Hormiga, CM; Horta, BL; Houti, L; Htay, TT; Htet, AS; Htike, MM; Hu, Y; Hussieni, AS; Huu, CN; Huybrechts, I; Hwalla, N; Iacoviello, L; Iannone, AG; Ibrahim, MM; Ikeda, N; Ikram, MA; Irazola, VE; Islam, M; Iwasaki, M; Jackson, RT; Jacobs, JM; Jafar, T; Jamil, KM; Jamrozik, K; Jasienska, G; Jiang, CQ; Joffres, M; Johansson, M; Jonas, JB; Jørgensen, T; Joshi, P; Juolevi, A; Jurak, G; Jureša, V; Kaaks, R; Kafatos, A; Kalter-Leibovici, O; Kapantais, E; Kasaeian, A; Katz, J; Kaur, P; Kavousi, M; Keil, U; Keinan Boker, L; Kelishadi, R; Kemper, H; Kengne, AP; Kersting, M; Key, T; Khader, YS; Khalili, D; Khang, YH; Khaw, KT; Khouw, IM; Kiechl, S; Killewo, J; Kim, J; Kiyohara, Y; Klimont, J; Kolle, E; Kolsteren, P; Korrovits, P; Koskinen, S; Kouda, K; Koziel, S; Kratzer, W; Krokstad, S; Kromhout, D; Kruger, HS; Kula, K; Kulaga, Z; Kumar, RK; Kusuma, YS; Kuulasmaa, K; Kyobutungi, C; Laamiri, FZ; Laatikainen, T; Lachat, C; Laid, Y; Lam, TH; Landrove, O; Lanska, V; Lappas, G; Laugsand, LE; Laxmaiah, A; Le Nguyen Bao, K; Le, TD; Leclercq, C; Lee, J; Lee, J; Lehtimäki, T; Lekhraj, R; León-Muñoz, LM; Li, Y; Lim, WY; Lima-Costa, MF; Lin, HH; Lin, X; Linneberg, A; Lissner, L; Litwin, M; Liu, J; Lorbeer, R; Lotufo, PA; Lozano, JE; Luksiene, D; Lundqvist, A; Lunet, N; Lytsy, P; Ma, G; Machi, S; Maggi, S; Magliano, DJ; Makdisse, M; Malekzadeh, R; Malhotra, R; Mallikharjuna Rao, K; Manios, Y; Mann, J; Manzato, E; Margozzini, P; Markey, O; Marques-Vidal, P; Marrugat, J; Martin-Prevel, Y; Martorell, R; Masoodi, SR; Matsha, TE; Mazur, A; Mbanya, JC; McFarlane, SR; McGarvey, ST; McKee, M; McLachlan, S; McLean, RM; McNulty, BA; Md Yusof, S; Mediene-Benchekor, S; Meirhaeghe, A; Meisinger, C; Mendes, LL; Menezes, AM; Mensink, GB; Meshram, II; Metspalu, A; Mi, J; Michaelsen, KF; Mikkel, K; Miller, JC; Miquel, JF; Miranda, JJ; Mišigoj-Duraković, M; Mohamed, MK; Mohammad, K; Mohammadifard, N; Mohan, V; Mohd Yusoff, MF; Molbo, D; Møller, NC; Molnár, D; Mondo, CK; Monterrubio, EA; Monyeki, KD; Moreira, LB; Morejon, A; Moreno, LA; Morgan, K; Mortensen, EL; Moschonis, G; Mossakowska, M; Mostafa, A; Mota, J; Motlagh, ME; Motta, J; Mu, TT; Muiesan, ML; Müller-Nurasyid, M; Murphy, N; Mursu, J; Murtagh, EM; Musa, KI; Musil, V; Nagel, G; Nakamura, H; Námešná, J; Nang, EE; Nangia, VB; Nankap, M; Narake, S; Navarrete-Muñoz, EM; Nenko, I; Neovius, M; Nervi, F; Neuhauser, HK; Nguyen, ND; Nguyen, QN; Nieto-Martínez, RE; Ning, G; Ninomiya, T; Nishtar, S; Noale, M; Norat, T; Noto, D; Nsour, MA; O'Reilly, D; Ochoa-Avilés, AM; Oh, K; Olayan, IH; Olinto, MT; Oltarzewski, M; Omar, M; Onat, A; Ordunez, P; Ortiz, AP; Osler, M; Osmond, C; Ostojic, SM; Otero, JA; Overvad, K; Paccaud, FM; Padez, C; Pajak, A; Palli, D; Palloni, A; Palmieri, L; Panda-Jonas, S; Panza, F; Parnell, WR; Parsaeian, M; Pednekar, MS; Peeters, PH; Peixoto, SV; Pereira, AC; Pérez, CM; Peters, A; Peykari, N; Pham, ST; Pigeot, I; Pikhart, H; Pilav, A; Pilotto, L; Pistelli, F; Pitakaka, F; Piwonska, A; Piwonski, J; Plans-Rubió, P; Poh, BK; Porta, M; Portegies, ML; Poulimeneas, D; Pradeepa, R; Prashant, M; Price, JF; Puiu, M; Punab, M; Qasrawi, RF; Qorbani, M; Quoc Bao, T; Radic, I; Radisauskas, R; Rahman, M; Raitakari, O; Raj, M; Ramachandra Rao, S; Ramachandran, A; Ramke, J; Ramos, R; Rampal, S; Rasmussen, F; Redon, J; Reganit, PF; Ribeiro, R; Riboli, E; Rigo, F; Rinke de Wit, TF; Ritti-Dias, RM; Rivera, JA; Robinson, SM; Robitaille, C; Rodríguez-Artalejo, F; Rodriguez-Perez, MdelC; Rodríguez-Villamizar, LA; Rojas-Martinez, R; Rojroongwasinkul, N; Romaguera, D; Ronkainen, K; Rosengren, A; Rouse, I; Rubinstein, A; Rühli, FJ; Rui, O; Ruiz-Betancourt, BS; Russo Horimoto, AR; Rutkowski, M; Sabanayagam, C; Sachdev, HS; Saidi, O; Salanave, B; Salazar Martinez, E; Salomaa, V; Salonen, JT; Salvetti, M; Sánchez-Abanto, J; Sandjaja; Sans, S; Santos, DA; Santos, O; dos Santos, RN; Santos, R; Sardinha, LB; Sarrafzadegan, N; Saum, KU; Savva, SC; Scazufca, M; Schaffrath Rosario, A; Schargrodsky, H; Schienkiewitz, A; Schmidt, IM; Schneider, IJ; Schultsz, C; Schutte, AE; Sein, AA; Senbanjo, IO; Sepanlou, SG; Shalnova, SA; Shaw, JE; Shibuya, K; Shin, Y; Shiri, R; Siantar, R; Sibai, AM; Silva, AM; Silva, DA; Simon, M; Simons, J; Simons, LA; Sjostrom, M; Slowikowska-Hilczer, J; Slusarczyk, P; Smeeth, L; Smith, MC; Snijder, MB; So, HK; Sobngwi, E; Söderberg, S; Soekatri, MY; Solfrizzi, V; Sonestedt, E; Sørensen, TI; Sorić, M; Sossa Jérome, C; Soumare, A; Staessen, JA; Starc, G; Stathopoulou, MG; Staub, K; Stavreski, B; Steene-Johannessen, J; Stehle, P; Stein, AD; Stergiou, GS; Stessman, J; Stieber, J; Stöckl, D; Stocks, T; Stokwiszewski, J; Stratton, G; Strufaldi, MW; Sun, CA; Sundström, J; Sung, YT; Sunyer, J; Suriyawongpaisal, P; Swinburn, B; Sy, RG; Szponar, L; Tai, ES; Tammesoo, ML; Tamosiunas, A; Tang, L; Tang, X; Tanser, F; Tao, Y; Tarawneh, M; Tarp, J; Tarqui-Mamani, CB; Taylor, A; Tchibindat, F; Thijs, L; Thuesen, BH; Tjonneland, A; Tolonen, HK; Tolstrup, JS; Topbas, M; Topór-Madry, R; Torrent, M; Traissac, P; Trichopoulou, A; Trichopoulos, D; Trinh, OT; Trivedi, A; Tshepo, L; Tulloch-Reid, MK; Tuomainen, TP; Tuomilehto, J; Turley, ML; Tynelius, P; Tzotzas, T; Tzourio, C; Ueda, P; Ukoli, FA; Ulmer, H; Unal, B; Valdivia, G; Vale, S; Valvi, D; van der Schouw, YT; Van Herck, K; Van Minh, H; van Valkengoed, IG; Vanderschueren, D; Vanuzzo, D; Vatten, L; Vega, T; Velasquez-Melendez, G; Veronesi, G; Verschuren, WM; Viegi, G; Viet, L; Viikari-Juntura, E; Vineis, P; Vioque, J; Virtanen, JK; Visvikis-Siest, S; Viswanathan, B; Vollenweider, P; Voutilainen, S; Vrijheid, M; Wade, AN; Wagner, A; Walton, J; Wan, N; Wan, M; Wang, MD; Wang, Q; Wang, YX; Wannamethee, SG; Wareham, N; Weerasekera, D; Whincup, PH; Widhalm, K; Widyahening, I; Wiecek, A; Wilks, RJ; Willeit, J; Wojtyniak, B; Wong, JE; Wong, TY; Woo, J; Woodward, M; Wu, FC; Wu, J; Wu, SL; Xu, H; Xu, L; Yamborisut, U; Yan, W; Yang, X; Yardim, N; Ye, X; Yiallouros, PK; Yoshihara, A; You, QS; Younger-Coleman, NO; Yusoff, AF; Zainuddin, A; Zambon, S; Zdrojewski, T; Zeng, Y; Zhao, D; Zhao, W; Zheng, Y; Zhou, M; Zhu, D; Zimmermann, E; Zuñiga Cisneros, J; (2016) Trends in adult body-mass index in 200 countries from 1975 to 2014: a pooled analysis of 1698 population-based measurement studies with 19.2 million participants. Lancet, 387 (10026). pp. 1377-96. ISSN 0140-6736 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30054-X

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