Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990-2013: quantifying the epidemiological transition.

GBD 2013 DALYs and HALE Collaborators; Murray, CJ; Barber, RM; Foreman, KJ; Abbasoglu Ozgoren, A; Abd-Allah, F; Abera, SF; Aboyans, V; Abraham, JP; Abubakar, I; +601 more... Abu-Raddad, LJ; Abu-Rmeileh, NM; Achoki, T; Ackerman, IN; Ademi, Z; Adou, AK; Adsuar, JC; Afshin, A; Agardh, EE; Alam, SS; Alasfoor, D; Albittar, MI; Alegretti, MA; Alemu, ZA; Alfonso-Cristancho, R; Alhabib, S; Ali, R; Alla, F; Allebeck, P; Almazroa, MA; Alsharif, U; Alvarez, E; Alvis-Guzman, N; Amare, AT; Ameh, EA; Amini, H; Ammar, W; Anderson, HR; Anderson, BO; Antonio, CA; Anwari, P; Arnlöv, J; Arsic Arsenijevic, VS; Artaman, A; Asghar, RJ; Assadi, R; Atkins, LS; Avila, MA; Awuah, B; Bachman, VF; Badawi, A; Bahit, MC; Balakrishnan, K; Banerjee, A; Barker-Collo, SL; Barquera, S; Barregard, L; Barrero, LH; Basu, A; Basu, S; Basulaiman, MO; Beardsley, J; Bedi, N; Beghi, E; Bekele, T; Bell, ML; Benjet, C; Bennett, DA; Bensenor, IM; Benzian, H; Bernabé, E; Bertozzi-Villa, A; Beyene, TJ; Bhala, N; Bhalla, A; Bhutta, ZA; Bienhoff, K; Bikbov, B; Biryukov, S; Blore, JD; Blosser, CD; Blyth, FM; Bohensky, MA; Bolliger, IW; Bora Başara, B; Bornstein, NM; Bose, D; Boufous, S; Bourne, RR; Boyers, LN; Brainin, M; Brayne, CE; Brazinova, A; Breitborde, NJ; Brenner, H; Briggs, AD; Brooks, PM; Brown, JC; Brugha, TS; Buchbinder, R; Buckle, GC; Budke, CM; Bulchis, A; Bulloch, AG; Campos-Nonato, IR; Carabin, H; Carapetis, JR; Cárdenas, R; Carpenter, DO; Caso, V; Castañeda-Orjuela, CA; Castro, RE; Catalá-López, F; Cavalleri, F; Çavlin, A; Chadha, VK; Chang, JC; Charlson, FJ; Chen, H; Chen, W; Chiang, PP; Chimed-Ochir, O; Chowdhury, R; Christensen, H; Christophi, CA; Cirillo, M; Coates, MM; Coffeng, LE; Coggeshall, MS; Colistro, V; Colquhoun, SM; Cooke, GS; Cooper, C; Cooper, LT; Coppola, LM; Cortinovis, M; Criqui, MH; Crump, JA; Cuevas-Nasu, L; Danawi, H; Dandona, L; Dandona, R; Dansereau, E; Dargan, PI; Davey, G; Davis, A; Davitoiu, DV; Dayama, A; De Leo, D; Degenhardt, L; Del Pozo-Cruz, B; Dellavalle, RP; Deribe, K; Derrett, S; Des Jarlais, DC; Dessalegn, M; Dharmaratne, SD; Dherani, MK; Diaz-Torné, C; Dicker, D; Ding, EL; Dokova, K; Dorsey, ER; Driscoll, TR; Duan, L; Duber, HC; Ebel, BE; Edmond, KM; Elshrek, YM; Endres, M; Ermakov, SP; Erskine, HE; Eshrati, B; Esteghamati, A; Estep, K; Faraon, EJ; Farzadfar, F; Fay, DF; Feigin, VL; Felson, DT; Fereshtehnejad, SM; Fernandes, JG; Ferrari, AJ; Fitzmaurice, C; Flaxman, AD; Fleming, TD; Foigt, N; Forouzanfar, MH; Fowkes, FG; Paleo, UF; Franklin, RC; Fürst, T; Gabbe, B; Gaffikin, L; Gankpé, FG; Geleijnse, JM; Gessner, BD; Gething, P; Gibney, KB; Giroud, M; Giussani, G; Gomez Dantes, H; Gona, P; González-Medina, D; Gosselin, RA; Gotay, CC; Goto, A; Gouda, HN; Graetz, N; Gugnani, HC; Gupta, R; Gupta, R; Gutiérrez, RA; Haagsma, J; Hafezi-Nejad, N; Hagan, H; Halasa, YA; Hamadeh, RR; Hamavid, H; Hammami, M; Hancock, J; Hankey, GJ; Hansen, GM; Hao, Y; Harb, HL; Haro, JM; Havmoeller, R; Hay, SI; Hay, RJ; Heredia-Pi, IB; Heuton, KR; Heydarpour, P; Higashi, H; Hijar, M; Hoek, HW; Hoffman, HJ; Hosgood, HD; Hossain, M; Hotez, PJ; Hoy, DG; Hsairi, M; Hu, G; Huang, C; Huang, JJ; Husseini, A; Huynh, C; Iannarone, ML; Iburg, KM; Innos, K; Inoue, M; Islami, F; Jacobsen, KH; Jarvis, DL; Jassal, SK; Jee, SH; Jeemon, P; Jensen, PN; Jha, V; Jiang, G; Jiang, Y; Jonas, JB; Juel, K; Kan, H; Karch, A; Karema, CK; Karimkhani, C; Karthikeyan, G; Kassebaum, NJ; Kaul, A; Kawakami, N; Kazanjan, K; Kemp, AH; Kengne, AP; Keren, A; Khader, YS; Khalifa, SE; Khan, EA; Khan, G; Khang, YH; Kieling, C; Kim, D; Kim, S; Kim, Y; Kinfu, Y; Kinge, JM; Kivipelto, M; Knibbs, LD; Knudsen, AK; Kokubo, Y; Kosen, S; Krishnaswami, S; Kuate Defo, B; Kucuk Bicer, B; Kuipers, EJ; Kulkarni, C; Kulkarni, VS; Kumar, GA; Kyu, HH; Lai, T; Lalloo, R; Lallukka, T; Lam, H; Lan, Q; Lansingh, VC; Larsson, A; Lawrynowicz, AE; Leasher, JL; Leigh, J; Leung, R; Levitz, CE; Li, B; Li, Y; Li, Y; Lim, SS; Lind, M; Lipshultz, SE; Liu, S; Liu, Y; Lloyd, BK; Lofgren, KT; Logroscino, G; Looker, KJ; Lortet-Tieulent, J; Lotufo, PA; Lozano, R; Lucas, RM; Lunevicius, R; Lyons, RA; Ma, S; Macintyre, MF; Mackay, MT; Majdan, M; Malekzadeh, R; Marcenes, W; Margolis, DJ; Margono, C; Marzan, MB; Masci, JR; Mashal, MT; Matzopoulos, R; Mayosi, BM; Mazorodze, TT; Mcgill, NW; Mcgrath, JJ; Mckee, M; Mclain, A; Meaney, PA; Medina, C; Mehndiratta, MM; Mekonnen, W; Melaku, YA; Meltzer, M; Memish, ZA; Mensah, GA; Meretoja, A; Mhimbira, FA; Micha, R; Miller, TR; Mills, EJ; Mitchell, PB; Mock, CN; Mohamed Ibrahim, N; Mohammad, KA; Mokdad, AH; Mola, GL; Monasta, L; Montañez Hernandez, JC; Montico, M; Montine, TJ; Mooney, MD; Moore, AR; Moradi-Lakeh, M; Moran, AE; Mori, R; Moschandreas, J; Moturi, WN; Moyer, ML; Mozaffarian, D; Msemburi, WT; Mueller, UO; Mukaigawara, M; Mullany, EC; Murdoch, ME; Murray, J; Murthy, KS; Naghavi, M; Naheed, A; Naidoo, KS; Naldi, L; Nand, D; Nangia, V; Narayan, KM; Nejjari, C; Neupane, SP; Newton, CR; Ng, M; Ngalesoni, FN; Nguyen, G; Nisar, MI; Nolte, S; Norheim, OF; Norman, RE; Norrving, B; Nyakarahuka, L; Oh, IH; Ohkubo, T; Ohno, SL; Olusanya, BO; Opio, JN; Ortblad, K; Ortiz, A; Pain, AW; Pandian, JD; Panelo, CI; Papachristou, C; Park, EK; Park, JH; Patten, SB; Patton, GC; Paul, VK; Pavlin, BI; Pearce, N; Pereira, DM; Perez-Padilla, R; Perez-Ruiz, F; Perico, N; Pervaiz, A; Pesudovs, K; Peterson, CB; Petzold, M; Phillips, MR; Phillips, BK; Phillips, DE; Piel, FB; Plass, D; Poenaru, D; Polinder, S; Pope, D; Popova, S; Poulton, RG; Pourmalek, F; Prabhakaran, D; Prasad, NM; Pullan, RL; Qato, DM; Quistberg, DA; Rafay, A; Rahimi, K; Rahman, SU; Raju, M; Rana, SM; Razavi, H; Reddy, KS; Refaat, A; Remuzzi, G; Resnikoff, S; Ribeiro, AL; Richardson, L; Richardus, JH; Roberts, DA; Rojas-Rueda, D; Ronfani, L; Roth, GA; Rothenbacher, D; Rothstein, DH; Rowley, JT; Roy, N; Ruhago, GM; Saeedi, MY; Saha, S; Sahraian, MA; Sampson, UK; Sanabria, JR; Sandar, L; Santos, IS; Satpathy, M; Sawhney, M; Scarborough, P; Schneider, IJ; Schöttker, B; Schumacher, AE; Schwebel, DC; Scott, JG; Seedat, S; Sepanlou, SG; Serina, PT; Servan-Mori, EE; Shackelford, KA; Shaheen, A; Shahraz, S; Shamah Levy, T; Shangguan, S; She, J; Sheikhbahaei, S; Shi, P; Shibuya, K; Shinohara, Y; Shiri, R; Shishani, K; Shiue, I; Shrime, MG; Sigfusdottir, ID; Silberberg, DH; Simard, EP; Sindi, S; Singh, A; Singh, JA; Singh, L; Skirbekk, V; Slepak, EL; Sliwa, K; Soneji, S; Søreide, K; Soshnikov, S; Sposato, LA; Sreeramareddy, CT; Stanaway, JD; Stathopoulou, V; Stein, DJ; Stein, MB; Steiner, C; Steiner, TJ; Stevens, A; Stewart, A; Stovner, LJ; Stroumpoulis, K; Sunguya, BF; Swaminathan, S; Swaroop, M; Sykes, BL; Tabb, KM; Takahashi, K; Tandon, N; Tanne, D; Tanner, M; Tavakkoli, M; Taylor, HR; Te Ao, BJ; Tediosi, F; Temesgen, AM; Templin, T; Ten Have, M; Tenkorang, EY; Terkawi, AS; Thomson, B; Thorne-Lyman, AL; Thrift, AG; Thurston, GD; Tillmann, T; Tonelli, M; Topouzis, F; Toyoshima, H; Traebert, J; Tran, BX; Trillini, M; Truelsen, T; Tsilimbaris, M; Tuzcu, EM; Uchendu, US; Ukwaja, KN; Undurraga, EA; Uzun, SB; Van Brakel, WH; Van De Vijver, S; van Gool, CH; Van Os, J; Vasankari, TJ; Venketasubramanian, N; Violante, FS; Vlassov, VV; Vollset, SE; Wagner, GR; Wagner, J; Waller, SG; Wan, X; Wang, H; Wang, J; Wang, L; Warouw, TS; Weichenthal, S; Weiderpass, E; Weintraub, RG; Wenzhi, W; Werdecker, A; Westerman, R; Whiteford, HA; Wilkinson, JD; Williams, TN; Wolfe, CD; Wolock, TM; Woolf, AD; Wulf, S; Wurtz, B; Xu, G; Yan, LL; Yano, Y; Ye, P; Yentür, GK; Yip, P; Yonemoto, N; Yoon, SJ; Younis, MZ; Yu, C; Zaki, ME; Zhao, Y; Zheng, Y; Zonies, D; Zou, X; Salomon, JA; Lopez, AD; Vos, T; (2015) Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990-2013: quantifying the epidemiological transition. Lancet, 386 (10009). pp. 2145-91. ISSN 0140-6736 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)61340-X

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