Human Trafficking and Health: A Survey of Male and Female Survivors in England.


Oram, S; Abas, M; Bick, D; Boyle, A; French, R; Jakobowitz, S; Khondoker, M; Stanley, N; Trevillion, K; Howard, L; Zimmerman, C; (2016) Human Trafficking and Health: A Survey of Male and Female Survivors in England. American journal of public health, 106 (6). pp. 1073-8. ISSN 0090-0036 DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2016.303095

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate physical and mental health and experiences of violence among male and female trafficking survivors in a high-income country.<br/> METHODS: Our data were derived from a cross-sectional survey of 150 men and women in England who were in contact with posttrafficking support services. Interviews took place over 18 months, from June 2013 to December 2014.<br/> RESULTS: Participants had been trafficked for sexual exploitation (29%), domestic servitude (29.3%), and labor exploitation (40.4%). Sixty-six percent of women reported forced sex during trafficking, including 95% of those trafficked for sexual exploitation and 54% of those trafficked for domestic servitude. Twenty-one percent of men and 24% of women reported ongoing injuries, and 8% of men and 23% of women reported diagnosed sexually transmitted infections. Finally, 78% of women and 40% of men reported high levels of depression, anxiety, or posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms.<br/> CONCLUSIONS: Psychological interventions to support the recovery of this highly vulnerable population are urgently needed.<br/>

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Global Health and Development
Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Social and Environmental Health Research
Research Centre: Centre for Global Mental Health
Gender Violence and Health Centre
Social and Mathematical Epidemiology (SaME)
PubMed ID: 27077341
Web of Science ID: 376517100047
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2537484

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