Fully automated segmentation of the cervical cord from T1-weighted MRI using PropSeg: Application to multiple sclerosis.

Yiannakas, MC; Mustafa, AM; De Leener, B; Kearney, H; Tur, C; Altmann, DR; De Angelis, F; Plantone, D; Ciccarelli, O; Miller, DH; Cohen-Adad, J; Gandini Wheeler-Kingshott, CA; (2015) Fully automated segmentation of the cervical cord from T1-weighted MRI using PropSeg: Application to multiple sclerosis. NeuroImage Clinical, 10. pp. 71-7. ISSN 2213-1582 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2015.11.001

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Spinal cord (SC) atrophy, i.e. a reduction in the SC cross-sectional area (CSA) over time, can be measured by means of image segmentation using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, segmentation methods have been limited by factors relating to reproducibility or sensitivity to change. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a fully automated SC segmentation method (PropSeg), and compare this to a semi-automated active surface (AS) method, in healthy controls (HC) and people with multiple sclerosis (MS). MRI data from 120 people were retrospectively analysed; 26 HC, 21 with clinically isolated syndrome, 26 relapsing remitting MS, 26 primary and 21 secondary progressive MS. MRI data from 40 people returning after one year were also analysed. CSA measurements were obtained within the cervical SC. Reproducibility of the measurements was assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). A comparison between mean CSA changes obtained with the two methods over time was performed using multivariate structural equation regression models. Associations between CSA measures and clinical scores were investigated using linear regression models. Compared to the AS method, the reproducibility of CSA measurements obtained with PropSeg was high, both in patients and in HC, with ICC > 0.98 in all cases. There was no significant difference between PropSeg and AS in terms of detecting change over time. Furthermore, PropSeg provided measures that correlated with physical disability, similar to the AS method. PropSeg is a time-efficient and reliable segmentation method, which requires no manual intervention, and may facilitate large multi-centre neuroprotective trials in progressive MS.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Medical Statistics
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PubMed ID: 26793433
Web of Science ID: 373189000008
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2537242


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