BARRIERS TO AN EFFECTIVE DIABETIC RETINOPATHY SERVICE IN IBADAN, NIGERIA (SUB -SAHARAN AFRICA) - A PILOT QUALITATIVE STUDY.


Ibrahim, OA; Foster, A; Oluleye, TS; (2015) BARRIERS TO AN EFFECTIVE DIABETIC RETINOPATHY SERVICE IN IBADAN, NIGERIA (SUB -SAHARAN AFRICA) - A PILOT QUALITATIVE STUDY. Annals of Ibadan postgraduate medicine, 13 (1). pp. 36-43. ISSN 1597-1627

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Abstract

Diabetic retinopathy is an increasing cause of blindness. The prevalence of retinopathy in hospital attending diabetics in Ibadan is reported to be 42 %. This study assessed the barriers identified by patients and service providers to delivering good services for diabetic retinopathy in Ibadan, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa. A qualitative survey using non-participatory observation, in-depth interviews (patients and healthcare providers), and focus group discussion for diabetic patients in the eye clinic in University College Hospital, Ibadan was done. Semistructured interview and topic guides were used to evaluate the barriers to effective service. The participants were selected using a non-probability, purposive sampling strategy. Twenty participants were involved in the pilot study. There were ten in-depth interviews of patients and two focus group discussions of patients (3 in each group). Four healthcare providers were interviewed (a retinal surgeon, a senior registrar, an endocrinologist and a public health nurse). Lack of awareness that diabetes causes irreversible blindness was identified as a major barrier by both patients and providers. Cost of treatment of diabetes and treatment of retinopathy was also an important barrier. The long waiting time before consultation, staff attitudes to patients and appointment scheduling problems deterred patients from using the service. More diabetic patients can be encouraged to use eye service by providing more detailed information/counselling and making clinic attendance less costly and more convenient.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Clinical Research
Research Centre: International Centre for Eye Health
PubMed ID: 26807085
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2528474

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