Influence of family history and lifestyle on blood pressure and heart rate in young adults in Jordan


Al-Safi, SA; Aboul-Enein, FH; Aboul-Enein, BH; Manuel, B; (2006) Influence of family history and lifestyle on blood pressure and heart rate in young adults in Jordan. Public health, 120 (11). pp. 1027-32. ISSN 0033-3506 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2006.06.009

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The most prevalent disease in Jordan is hypertension. Jordan is a small, middle-income developing country in the Middle East. It has a population of 5611202 people. Few studies have examined the associated cardiovascular risk factors in Jordan.<br/> DESIGN: The aim of this investigation was to explore specific lifestyles in Jordan, measuring blood pressure and heart rate through a randomized cross-sectional population study.<br/> METHODS: A total of 14310 adult males (7400) and females (6910) were selected in various regions of Jordan. Selected participants were interviewed by trained senior pharmacy students. They were asked whether they had hypertension or other cardiovascular disorders and if the answer was negative further questions were asked. This was followed by measurement of blood pressure and heart rate. Demographic data such as age, sex and nationality were also recorded, as was family history of hypertension. For each individual of the sample, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and heart rate were measured three times with 10-15min intervals in a sitting position and resting state. The Student's unpaired t-test was used for statistical analysis. Results were considered statistically significant when the P value was less than 0.05.<br/> RESULTS: A general trend in all the results tables was a lower blood pressure among those without a family history of cardiovascular disease and higher values among those with a family history of cardiovascular disease.<br/> CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that SBP and DBP increase with all associated risk factors if a family history of hypertension is positive. This cross-sectional study revealed the presence of a consistent and strong relationship between certain lifestyle risk factors with an elevation in blood pressure concurrent with a positive family history of hypertension.<br/>

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Adolescent, Adult, Blood Pressure Determination, Chronic Disease, Cross-Sectional Studies, *Family Health, Female, Flavonoids/pharmacology, *Health Surveys, Heart Rate, Humans, Hypertension/*epidemiology, Jordan/epidemiology, *Life Style, Male, Prevalence, *Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, Risk-Taking, Social Change, Sodium, Dietary/pharmacology, Students/statistics & numerical data, Universities, Adolescent, Adult, Blood Pressure Determination, Chronic Disease, Cross-Sectional Studies, Family Health, Female, Flavonoids, pharmacology, Health Surveys, Heart Rate, Humans, Hypertension, epidemiology, Jordan, epidemiology, Life Style, Male, Prevalence, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, Risk-Taking, Social Change, Sodium, Dietary, pharmacology, Students, statistics & numerical data, Universities
Faculty and Department: Distance Learning
Academic Services & Administration > Distance Learning

Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Global Health and Development
PubMed ID: 17010398
Web of Science ID: 242417200008
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2374052

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