A systematic literature review of the quality of evidence for injury and rehabilitation interventions in humanitarian crises


Smith, J; Roberts, B; Knight, A; Gosselin, R; Blanchet, K; (2015) A systematic literature review of the quality of evidence for injury and rehabilitation interventions in humanitarian crises. International journal of public health, 60 (7). pp. 865-72. ISSN 1661-8556 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-015-0723-6

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Humanitarian crises continue to pose a significant threat to health; the United Nations estimates that 144 million people are directly affected by conflict or environmental disasters. During most humanitarian crises, surgical and rehabilitative interventions remain a priority.<br/> OBJECTIVES: This review assessed the quality of evidence that informs injury and physical rehabilitation interventions in humanitarian crises.<br/> METHODS: Peer-reviewed and grey literature sources were assessed in a systematic manner. Selected papers were evaluated using quality criteria based on a modified version of the STROBE protocol.<br/> RESULTS: 46 papers met the inclusion criteria. 63 % of the papers referred to situations of armed conflict, of which the Yugoslav Wars were the most studied crisis context. 59 % of the studies were published since the year 2000. However, only two studies were considered of a high quality.<br/> CONCLUSIONS: While there is now a greater emphasis on research in this sector, the volume of evidence remains inadequate given the growing number of humanitarian programmes worldwide. Further research is needed to ensure a greater breadth and depth of understanding of the most appropriate interventions in different settings.<br/>

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Health Services Research and Policy
Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Disease Control
Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Global Health and Development
Research Centre: ECOHOST - The Centre for Health and Social Change
Health in Humanitarian Crises Centre
PubMed ID: 26298446
Web of Science ID: 364521200015
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2281294

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