For debate: a new wave in public health improvement.


Davies, SC; Winpenny, E; Ball, S; Fowler, T; Rubin, J; Nolte, E; (2014) For debate: a new wave in public health improvement. Lancet, 384 (9957). pp. 1889-95. ISSN 0140-6736 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(13)62341-7

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Abstract

The rising burden of chronic disease poses a challenge for all public health systems and requires innovative approaches to effectively improve population health. Persisting inequalities in health are of particular concern. Disadvantage because of education, income, or social position is associated with a larger burden of disease and, in particular, multimorbidity. Although much has been achieved to enhance population health, challenges remain, and approaches need to be revisited. In this paper, we join the debate about how a new wave of public health improvement might look. We start from the premise that population health improvement is conditional on a health-promoting societal context. It is characterised by a culture in which healthy behaviours are the norm, and in which the institutional, social, and physical environment support this mindset. Achievement of this ambition will require a positive, holistic, eclectic, and collaborative effort, involving a broad range of stakeholders. We emphasise three mechanisms: maximisation of the value of health and incentives for healthy behaviour; promotion of healthy choices as default; and minimisation of factors that create a culture and environment which promote unhealthy behaviour. We give examples of how these mechanisms might be achieved.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Public Health and Policy > Dept of Health Services Research and Policy
Research Centre: ECOHOST - The Centre for Health and Social Change
PubMed ID: 24703631
Web of Science ID: 345116800029
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2255448

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