Screening of patients with Diabetes Mellitus for Tuberculosis in Community Health Settings in China.


Lin, Y; Innes, A; Xu, L; Li, L; Chen, J; Hou, J; Mi, F; Kang, W; Harries, AD; (2015) Screening of patients with Diabetes Mellitus for Tuberculosis in Community Health Settings in China. Tropical medicine & international health , 20 (8). pp. 1073-80. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12519

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Abstract

To assess the feasibility and results of screening of patients with DM for TB in routine community health services in China. Agreement on how to screen patients with DM for TB and monitor and record the results was obtained at a stakeholders meeting. Subsequent training was carried out for staff at 10 community health centres, with activities implemented from June 2013 to April 2014. Patients with DM were screened for TB at each clinical visit using a symptom-based enquiry, and those positive to any symptom were referred to the TB clinic for TB investigation. A total of 2942 patients with DM visited these ten clinics. All patients received at least one screening for TB. Two patients were identified as already known to have TB. In total, 278 (9.5% of those screened) who had positive TB symptoms were referred for TB investigations and 209 arrived at the TB centre or underwent a chest radiograph for TB investigation. One patient (0.5% of those investigated) was newly diagnosed with active TB and was started on anti-TB treatment. The TB case notification rate of those screened was 102/100 000. This pilot project shows it is feasible to carry out TB screening among patients with DM in community settings, but further work is needed to better characterise patients with DM at higher risk of TB. This may require a more targeted approach focused on high-risk groups such as those with untreated DM or poorly controlled hyperglycaemia.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Clinical Research
PubMed ID: 25877338
Web of Science ID: 357594400011
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2228471

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