BCG Vaccination Induces Different Cytokine Profiles Following Infant BCG Vaccination in the UK and Malawi.

Lalor, MK; Floyd, S; Gorak-Stolinska, P; Ben-Smith, A; Weir, RE; Smith, SG; Newport, MJ; Blitz, R; Mvula, H; Branson, K; McGrath, N; Crampin, AC; Fine, PE; Dockrell, HM; (2011) BCG Vaccination Induces Different Cytokine Profiles Following Infant BCG Vaccination in the UK and Malawi. The Journal of infectious diseases, 204 (7). pp. 1075-85. ISSN 0022-1899 DOI:

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Background.?BCG vaccination of infants is thought to provide good protection in all settings. This study investigated whether Malawian infants made weaker responses across a cytokine panel after BCG vaccination, compared with UK infants. Methods.?Diluted whole-blood samples were cultured with Mycobacterium tuberculosis purified protein derivative for 6 days from BCG-vaccinated infants 3 months (n = 40 Malawi, 28 UK) and 12 months (n = 34 Malawi, 26 UK) after vaccination, and also from UK unvaccinated infants (n = 9 at 3 months, n = 10 at 12 months). Forty-two cytokines were measured in supernatants using a multiplex bead array assay. Principal component analysis was used to summarize the overall patterns in cytokine responses. Results.?We found differences in median responses in 27 of the 42 cytokines: 7 higher in the UK and 20 higher in Malawi. The cytokines with higher responses in the UK were all T helper 1 related. The cytokines with higher responses in Malawi included innate proinflammatory cytokines, regulatory cytokines, interleukin 17, T helper 2 cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors. Principal component analysis separated the BCG-vaccinated infants from Malawi from the UK vaccinated infants and from the unvaccinated infants. Conclusions.?Malawian infants make cytokine responses following BCG vaccination, but the cytokine profile is different from that in the UK. The different biosignatures following BCG vaccination in the 2 settings may indicate variability in the protective efficacy of infant BCG vaccination.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Academic Services & Administration > Academic Administration
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Immunology and Infection
Research Centre: Centre for Maternal, Reproductive and Child Health (MARCH)
TB Centre
Vaccine Centre
Population Studies Group
Tropical Epidemiology Group
PubMed ID: 21881123
Web of Science ID: 294595900015


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