Prevalence of symptoms of vaginal fistula in 19 sub-Saharan Africa countries: a meta-analysis of national household survey data.


Maheu-Giroux, M; Filippi, V; Samadoulougou, S; Castro, MC; Maulet, N; Meda, N; Kirakoya-Samadoulougou, F; (2015) Prevalence of symptoms of vaginal fistula in 19 sub-Saharan Africa countries: a meta-analysis of national household survey data. Lancet Glob Health, 3 (5). e271-8. ISSN 2214-109X DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(14)70348-1

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Abstract

Vaginal fistula is a serious medical disorder characterised by an abnormal opening between the vagina and the bladder or rectum, which results in continuous leakage of urine or stool. The burden of this disorder in sub-Saharan Africa is uncertain. We estimated the lifetime and point prevalence of symptoms of vaginal fistula in this region using national household surveys based on self-report of symptoms. We considered all Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and Multiple Indicators Cluster Surveys (MICS) from sub-Saharan Africa and included data for women of reproductive age (15-49 years). We estimated lifetime prevalence and point prevalence of vaginal fistula with use of Bayesian hierarchical meta-analysis. We included 19 surveys in our analysis, including 262 100 respondents. Lifetime prevalence was 3·0 cases (95% credible interval 1·3-5·5) per 1000 women of reproductive age. After imputation of missing data, point prevalence was 1·0 case (0·3-2·4) per 1000 women of reproductive age. Ethiopia had the largest number of women who presently have symptoms of vaginal fistula. This study is the first to estimate the burden of vaginal fistula in 19 sub-Saharan Africa countries using nationally representative survey data. Point prevalence was slightly lower than previously estimated but these earlier estimates are within the prevalence's credible intervals. Although vaginal fistula is relatively rare, it is still too common in sub-Saharan Africa. None.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Research Centre: Centre for Maternal, Reproductive and Child Health (MARCH)
Maternal Health Group
PubMed ID: 25889469
Web of Science ID: 353150900013
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2160130

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