Description of an approach based on maximum likelihood to adjust an excess hazard model with a random effect.


Dupont, C; Bossard, N; Remontet, L; Belot, A; (2013) Description of an approach based on maximum likelihood to adjust an excess hazard model with a random effect. Cancer epidemiology, 37 (4). pp. 449-56. ISSN 1877-7821 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2013.04.001

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Abstract

To adjust an excess hazard regression model with a random effect associated with a geographical level, the Département in France, and compare its parameter estimates with those obtained using a "fixed-effect" excess hazard regression model. An excess hazard regression model with a piecewise constant baseline hazard was used and a normal distribution was assumed for the random effect. Likelihood maximization was performed using a numerical integration technique, the Quadrature of Gauss-Hermite. Results were obtained with colon-rectum and thyroid cancer data from the French network of cancer registries. The results were in agreement with what was theoretically expected. We showed a greater heterogeneity of the excess hazard in thyroid cancers than in colon-rectum cancers. The hazard ratios for the covariates as estimated with the mixed-effect model were close to those obtained with the fixed-effect model. However, unlike the fixed-effect model, the mixed-effect model allowed the analysis of data with a large number of clusters. The shrinkage estimator associated with Département is an optimal measure of Département-specific excess risk of death and the variance of the random effect gave information on the within-cluster correlation. An excess hazard regression model with random effect can be used for estimating variation in the risk of death due to cancer between many clusters of small sizes.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology
Research Centre: Centre for Statistical Methodology
PubMed ID: 23628129
Web of Science ID: 321504300018
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2159986

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