Challenges in understanding the epidemiology of acquired brain injury in India.


Kamalakannan, SK; Gudlavalleti, AS; Murthy Gudlavalleti, VS; Goenka, S; Kuper, H; (2014) Challenges in understanding the epidemiology of acquired brain injury in India. Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology, 18 (1). pp. 66-70. ISSN 0972-2327 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/0972-2327.151047

[img]
Preview
Text - Published Version
License:

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

An acquired brain injury (ABI) is an injury to the brain, which is not hereditary, congenital, degenerative, or induced by birth trauma. In India, rapid urbanization, economic growth and changes in lifestyle have led to a tremendous increase in the incidence of ABI, so much so that it is being referred to as a 'silent epidemic'. Unlike developed countries, there is no well-established system for collecting and managing information on various diseases in India. Thus it is a daunting task to obtain reliable information about acquired brain injury. In the course of conducting a systematic review on the epidemiology of ABI in India, we recognized several challenges which hampered our effort. Inadequate case definition, lack of centralized reporting mechanisms, lack of population based studies, absence of standardized survey protocols and inadequate mortality statistics are some of the major obstacles. Following a standard case definition, linking multiple hospital-based registries, initiating a state or nationwide population-based registry, conducting population-based studies that are methodologically robust and introducing centralized, standard reporting mechanisms for ABI, are some of the strategies that could help facilitate a thorough investigation into the epidemiology and understanding of ABI. This may help improve policies on prevention and management of acquired brain injury in India.

Item Type: Article
Faculty and Department: Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases > Dept of Clinical Research
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- ) > Dept of Nutrition and Public Health Interventions Research (2003-2012)
Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health > Dept of Population Health (2012- )
Research Centre: The International Centre for Evidence in Disability
PubMed ID: 25745314
Web of Science ID: 349841400014
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/2124199

Statistics


Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads since deposit
170Downloads
281Hits
Accesses by country - last 12 months
Accesses by referrer - last 12 months
Impact and interest
Additional statistics for this record are available via IRStats2

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item