Estimating the relative recurrence risk ratio using a global cross-ratio model


Wallace, C; Clayton, D; (2003) Estimating the relative recurrence risk ratio using a global cross-ratio model. Genet Epidemiol, 25 (4). pp. 293-302. ISSN 0741-0395 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/gepi.10270

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Abstract

The relative recurrence risk ratio lambda(R) (and particularly the sibling recurrence risk ratio, lambda(S) ) is often of interest to those wanting to quantify the genetic contribution towards risk of disease or to discriminate between different genetic models. However, estimating lambda(R) for complex diseases for which genetic and environmental risk factors are both involved is not straightforward. Ignoring environmental factors may lead to inflated estimates of lambda(R). We present a marginal model which uses a copula function to model the association in cumulative incidence rates between pairs of relatives. This model is applicable to present-state data and allows estimation of risk of disease in a pair of relatives (and hence lambda(R)), given measured environmental covariates. We apply the model to leprosy among sibling pairs from the Karonga district, Malawi. If risk factors are ignored, the apparent lambda(S) in this population is over 3. Accounting for known nongenetic risk factors reduces it to just under 2. Genet Epidemiol 25:293-302, 2003.

Item Type: Article
PubMed ID: 14639699
Web of Science ID: 186861400002
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/20320

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