Short segment bone-on-bone instrumentation for single curve idiopathic scoliosis.


Brodner, Wolfram; Mun Yue, Wai; Möller, Hans B; Hendricks, Kelly J; Burd, Timothy A; Gaines, Robert W; (2003) Short segment bone-on-bone instrumentation for single curve idiopathic scoliosis. Spine, 28 (20). S224-33. ISSN 1528-1159

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Abstract

Retrospective case series review. To evaluate the outcomes of a new short segment anterior scoliosis technique with complete removal of the discs, bone-on-bone apposition of the vertebral bodies, and dual rod instrumentation. To evaluate a new preop planning technique for scoliosis instrumentation. Scoliosis surgery traditionally was performed via a posterior approach, but anterior scoliosis instrumentation has proven to be superior regarding the amount of curve correction and the number of segments saved from instrumentation. Thirty-one patients with single curve idiopathic scoliosis less than 75 degrees were operated using the bone-on-bone surgical technique with dual rod instrumentation (Kaneda Anterior Scoliosis System, Depuy AcroMed, Raynham, MA from 1996 until 2001). Average follow-up was 40 months (range 15-77 months). Surgical correction of the major curve averaged 73.9% over the instrumented levels and 51.4% over the entire curve. The average number of discs fused was 4.6 for thoracic curves and 3.3 for thoracolumbar and lumbar curves. There were no implant-related complications or nonunions. The compensatory curves spontaneously improved by an average of 38.6%. Uneventful healing of all fusions occurred-most within 8 to 12 weeks. One compensatory thoracic curve progressed and posterior instrumentation was done 28 months after correction of the major thoracolumbar curve. Surgical correction was achieved in over half the levels that would have been operated by standard posterior segmental fixation. Bony healing due to the bone-on-bone apposition was achieved uneventfully after apical correction of the spinal curvature in all patients. Use of dual rod instrumentation (Kaneda Anterior Scoliosis System) is fundamental in maintaining the correction of the curvature achieved in the operating room. The preoperative planning technique worked well.

Item Type: Article
PubMed ID: 14560196
URI: http://researchonline.lshtm.ac.uk/id/eprint/19803

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